The trkC gene is expressed throughout the mammalian nervous system and encodes a series of tyrosine protein kinase isoforms that serve as receptors for neurotrophin-3 (NT3), a member of the nerve growth factor (NGF) family of neurotrophic factors. One of these isoforms, gp145trkC/TrkC K1, mediates the trophic properties of NT3 in cultured cells. Here we… (More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) induces neurite outgrowth and promotes survival of embryonic sensory and sympathetic neurons in culture. In vivo, NGF decreases the extent of naturally occurring cell death in developing sympathetic ganglia and protects cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain and caudatoputamen. NGF interacts with the low-affinity p75 receptor… (More)
We have described a formal model for pattern regulation in epimorphic fields in which positional information is specified in terms of polar coordinates in two dimensions. We propose that cells within epimorphic fields behave according to two simple rules, the shortest intercalation rule and the complete circle rule, for both of which there is direct… (More)
trkB is a tyrosine protein kinase gene highly related to trk, a proto-oncogene that encodes a receptor for nerve growth factor (NGF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3). trkB expression is confined to structures of the central and peripheral nervous systems, suggesting it also encodes a receptor for neurotrophic factors. Here we show that brain-derived neurotrophic… (More)
A revision of the "polar coordinate model" shows how pattern formation in diverse regenerating systems can be understood in terms of strictly local cell interactions.
This study describes the temporal pattern of posterior positional identity in mouse limb bud cells. To do this wedges of tissue from the posterior edge of mouse limb buds at various stages (limb stages: Wanek et al., 1989b. J. Exp. Zool. 249, 41-49) were grafted to the anterior edge of a host chick embryo wing bud. Grafts of mouse posterior cells are able… (More)
Dlx-3, a homolog of Drosophila Dll, has been isolated from an axolotl blastema cDNA library, and its expression in developing and regenerating limbs characterized. The normal expression pattern, and the changes that occur during experimental treatments, indicate a correlation between Dlx-3 expression and the establishment of the outgrowth-permitting… (More)
Five distinguishable stages of tail regeneration in the adult newt have been established. The stages are based on external morphological changes and internal histological characteristics rather than chronological age of the regenerate.
Some aspects of the influence of position on regeneration have been examined by comparing regeneration from different levels along the newt tail. Tails amputated such that either three-fourths one-half or one-fourth of the tail was removed pass through the same morphological and histological stages at the same times after amputation. In tails amputated at… (More)