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Our construction of a stable visual world, despite the presence of saccades, is discussed. A computer-graphics method was used to explore transsaccadic memory for complex images. Images of real-life scenes were presented under four conditions: they stayed still or moved in an unpredictable direction (forcing an eye movement), while simultaneously changing(More)
In this article we examine the effects of the emergence of a new replicator, memes, on the evolution of a pre-existing replicator, genes. Using a version of the NKCS model we examine the effects of increasing the rate of meme evolution in relation to the rate of gene evolution, for various degrees of interdependence between the two replicators. That is, the(More)
Setting aside the problems of recognising consciousness in a machine, this article considers what would be needed for a machine to have human-like consciousness. Human-like consciousness is an illusion; that is, it exists but is not what it appears to be. The illusion that we are a conscious self having a stream of experiences is constructed when memes(More)
Reactions to claims of near-death experiences (NDE) range from the popular view that this must be evidence for life after death, to outright rejection of the experiences as, at best, drug induced hallucinations or, at worse, pure invention. Twenty years, and much research, later, it is clear that neither extreme is correct.
Several theories to account for the origin of tunnel hallucinations and tunnel experiences near death are considered: (1) the idea of a "real" tunnel; (2) representations of transition; (3) reliving birth memories; (4) imagination ; and (5) physiological origins. Three different physiological theories are considered that relate the tunnel form to the(More)
The meme is an evolutionary replicator, defined as information copied from person to person by imitation. I suggest that taking memes into account may provide a better understanding of human evolution in the following way. Memes appeared in human evolution when our ancestors became capable of imitation. From this time on two replicators, memes and genes,(More)
The Cross-Theme Session: " Constraint Commonalities of Technological Innovation Adoption " was convened during the 2009 EFITA/JIAC conference. It followed a plethora of presentations focused on ICT developments and applications (www.efita.eu). The session attempted to decipher ICT development and adoption constraint commonalities as guidelines to explain "(More)
In their analysis, Norenzayan et al. completely ignore memetics, which, unlike other theories, treats memes as replicators and looks to memetic as well as genetic advantage. Now that memes are evolving ever faster, genetic advantage is less relevant. So when religious and secular values are at odds, we need a memetic analysis to understand what is going on.
This course will meet on Wednesdays from 2:00 to 4:15 p.m.to explore the topic of consciousness as it is studied within cognitive science, drawing on various disciplines within cognitive science, including philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience. The course aims to supply students with the skills and knowledge to accurately discuss the latest developments(More)