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Our construction of a stable visual world, despite the presence of saccades, is discussed. A computer-graphics method was used to explore transsaccadic memory for complex images. Images of real-life scenes were presented under four conditions: they stayed still or moved in an unpredictable direction (forcing an eye movement), while simultaneously changing(More)
Setting aside the problems of recognising consciousness in a machine, this article considers what would be needed for a machine to have human-like consciousness. Human-like consciousness is an illusion; that is, it exists but is not what it appears to be. The illusion that we are a conscious self having a stream of experiences is constructed when memes(More)
Several theories to account for the origin of tunnel hallucinations and tunnel experiences near death are considered: (1) the idea of a "real" tunnel; (2) representations of transition; (3) reliving birth memories; (4) imagination ; and (5) physiological origins. Three different physiological theories are considered that relate the tunnel form to the(More)
The meme is an evolutionary replicator, defined as information copied from person to person by imitation. I suggest that taking memes into account may provide a better understanding of human evolution in the following way. Memes appeared in human evolution when our ancestors became capable of imitation. From this time on two replicators, memes and genes,(More)
In their analysis, Norenzayan et al. completely ignore memetics, which, unlike other theories, treats memes as replicators and looks to memetic as well as genetic advantage. Now that memes are evolving ever faster, genetic advantage is less relevant. So when religious and secular values are at odds, we need a memetic analysis to understand what is going on.
Christiansen and Chater's arguments share with memetics the idea that language is an evolving organism, and that brain capacities shape language by influencing the fitness of memes, although memetics also claims that memes in turn shape brains. Their rejection of meme theory is based on falsely claiming that memes must be consciously selected by sighted(More)
This course will meet on Wednesdays from 2:00 to 4:15 p.m.to explore the topic of consciousness as it is studied within cognitive science, drawing on various disciplines within cognitive science, including philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience. The course aims to supply students with the skills and knowledge to accurately discuss the latest developments(More)