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CD8+ T cells are crucial for control of a number of medically important protozoan parasites, including Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of human Chagas disease. Yet, in contrast to the wealth of information from viral and bacterial infections, little is known about the antigen specificity or the general development of effector and memory T-cell responses in(More)
Eight polymorphic restriction enzyme sites at the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) locus were analyzed from the parental chromosomes in 33 Danish nuclear families with at least one phenylketonuric (PKU) child. Determination of haplotypes of 66 normal chromosomes and 66 chromosomes bearing mutant allele (S) demonstrated that there are at least two haplotypes(More)
The opioid peptides have been related to behavior in both animal and human studies. Further investigation can be anticipated which could lead to the elucidation of genetic controls over enzymes which process these peptides and the receptors upon which the peptides act. The enzymes, both synthetic and degradative, can lead to the formation of different forms(More)
PURPOSE Human corneal limbal stem cells mature and repopulate the superficial layers of the cornea throughout life. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that human corneal stem cells, derived from neural ectoderm, can exhibit functional neuronal properties. METHODS Human corneal limbal tissue (donor age 6 weeks to 92 years) was obtained from Upstate(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are required for the development of retina, but their role in the mature eye is unknown. We therefore examined the expression of BMP-7 in adult human retina and assessed its effects on horizontal cells cultured from adult human retina. BMP-7 expression was detected in all retinal layers, with high levels of expression(More)