Susan B Clark

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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare the seasonal concussion incidence for school, university, club and provincial level Rugby Union players in South Africa. DESIGN The study presents a retrospective statistical analysis of the number of reported concussions documented annually for groups of Rugby Union players as a proportion of those who(More)
Pet and food animal (hogs, chicken, and fish) feeds were recently found to be contaminated with melamine (MEL). A quantitative and confirmatory method is presented to determine MEL residues in edible tissues from fish fed this contaminant. Edible tissues were extracted with acidic acetonitrile, defatted with dichloromethane, and cleaned up using mixed-mode(More)
A new procedure for the confirmation of two aminoglycoside antibiotics in milk was developed and validated. This work is among the early applications of ion trap mass spectrometry for regulatory methodology, and it incorporates a novel weak cation-exchange extraction. The procedure was validated for the confirmation of both gentamicin and neomycin at 30 ng(More)
Liquid chromatographic methods are presented for the quantitative and confirmatory determination of crystal violet (CV; also known as gentian violet), leucocrystal violet (LCV), brilliant green (BG), and leucobrilliant green (LBG) in catfish. LCV and LBG were oxidized to the chromic CV and BG by reaction with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone, and(More)
RATIONALE Veterinary drug residue analysis of meat and seafood products is an important part of national regulatory agency food safety programs to ensure that consumers are not exposed to potentially dangerous substances. Complex tissue matrices often require lengthy extraction and analysis procedures to identify improper animal drug treatment. Direct and(More)
A derivatization procedure using phenyl isocyanate was adapted to liquid chromatography ion trap mass spectrometry (LC-MS(n)) for confirmation and quantification of aminoglycoside residues in milk. Aminoglycoside residues were extracted from milk with acid and isolated from the matrix with a weak cation exchange solid-phase extraction cartridge. After(More)
Diminazene diaceturate is used as a trypanocide for cattle in tropical regions. This paper describes a LC-MS(n) method to confirm the presence of diminazene in bovine plasma. Bound diminazene in plasma samples was freed with dilute phosphoric acid, then concentrated on a bonded C(18) SPE cartridge. The LC-MS(n) method utilized electrospray ionization(More)
A liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method (LC/MS/MS) is described for the simultaneous detection of 3 sulfonamide drug residues at 1.25 ppb in condensed milk and soft-cheese products. The 3 sulfonamide drugs of interest are sulfathiazole (STZ), sulfamethazine (SMZ), and sulfadimethoxine (SDM). The method includes extraction of the product with(More)
A quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method was developed to analyze veterinary drug residues in milk. Milk samples were extracted with acetonitrile. A molecular weight cutoff filter was the only cleanup step in the procedure. Initially, a set of target compounds (including representative sulfonamides,(More)
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) screening method is described for the detection and identification of 26 veterinary drugs in fish and other aquaculture products. The analytes include: 13 sulfonamides, trimethoprim, 3 fluoroquinolones, 3 quinolones, 3 triphenylmethane dyes, 2 leuco dye metabolites, and 1 hormone. In this method,(More)