Susan Atkinson

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Gelatinase A and membrane-type metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) were able to process human procollagenase-3 (Mr 60,000) to the fully active enzyme (Tyr85 N terminus; Mr 48,000). MT1-MMP activated procollagenase-3 via a Mr 56,000 intermediate (Ile36 N terminus) to 48,000 which was the result of the cleavage of the Glu84-Tyr85 peptide bond. We have established(More)
We have used C-terminal domain mutants to further define the role of interactions of progelatinase A and membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1 MMP) in the binding of TIMP2 and in the cell-associated activation of progelatinase A. Soluble constructs of MT1 MMP were used to demonstrate that binding with TIMP2 occurs primarily through N-terminal domain(More)
Soluble proenzyme forms of the catalytic domains of membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 2 (MT1-MMP and MT2-MMP) and a form of MT1-MMP containing the catalytic and hemopexin domains were expressed as soluble recombinant proteins. Purified, activated forms of the MT-MMP were shown to degrade fibronectin, tenascin, nidogen, aggrecan and perlecan.(More)
It has been proposed that the cell-mediated activation of progelatinase A requires binding of the C-terminal domain of the proenzyme to a membrane-associated complex of the membrane type matrix metalloproteinase MT1-MMP and TIMP-2. Subsequent sequential proteolysis of the propeptide by MT1-MMP and gelatinase A is thought to generate the active form of(More)
We identified four polypeptides of 47, 44, 40, and 35 kD that bind to profilin-Sepharose and elute with high salt. When purified by conventional chromatography using an antibody to the 47-kD polypeptide, these four polypeptides copurified as a stoichiometric complex together with three additional polypeptides of 19, 18, and 13 kD that varied in their(More)
The activation of pro matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by sequential proteolysis of the propeptide blocking the active site cleft is regarded as one of the key levels of regulation of these proteinases. Potential physiological mechanisms including cell-associated plasmin generation by urokinase-like plasminogen activator, or the action of cell surface(More)
The Arp2/3 complex is a ubiquitous and important regulator of the actin cytoskeleton. Here we identify this complex from Dictyostelium and investigate its dynamics in live cells. The predicted sequences of the subunits show a strong homology to the members of the mammalian complex, with the larger subunits generally better conserved than the smaller ones.(More)
We cloned and sequenced the two actin-related proteins (Arps) present in the profilin-binding complex of Acanthamoeba (Machesky, L. M., S. J. Atkinson, C. Ampe, J. Vandekerckhove, and T. D. Pollard. 1994, J. Cell Biol. 127:107-115). The sequence of Arp2 is more similar to other Arp2s than to actin, while the sequence of Arp3 is more similar to other Arp3s(More)
We have assessed the effect of fibronectin and laminin-1 on the expression of molecules involved in the activation pathway of MMP-2, a key proteinase in tissue remodelling. HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells cultured on fibronectin were shown to activate endogenous MMP-2, to a level comparable with that elicited by treatment with phorbol ester. In contrast, the(More)
Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase (MT-MMP) messenger RNA and protein expression were shown to be elevated in human fibroblasts following treatment with concanavalin A, coincident with the induction of the ability to process progelatinase A. CHO cells transfected with the cDNA for MT-MMP were able to process both wild type progelatinase A and a(More)