Susan A. Fiscus
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BACKGROUND North Carolina has added nucleic acid amplification testing for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to standard HIV antibody tests to detect persons with acute HIV infection who are… Expand
Background:Over 150 000 Malawians have started antiretroviral therapy (ART), in which first-line therapy is stavudine/lamivudine/nevirapine. We evaluated drug resistance patterns among patients… Expand
Objectives:This study was conducted to compare viral dynamics in blood and semen between subjects with antibody negative, acute HIV-1 infection and other subjects with later stages of infection.… Expand
HIV can be transmitted through contaminated blood and blood products; from a mother to her offspring during pregnancy childbirth or breast feeding; or through sexual contact. Sexual transmission… Expand
BACKGROUND The clinical relevance of detecting minority drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) variants is uncertain. METHODS To determine the effect of pre-existing minority… Expand
Objective: This study examined the concentration of HIV in semen and the effects of biological factors on HIV excretion. Methods: Semen samples from 101 men at different stages of the disease were… Expand
CONTEXT Antenatal counseling and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing are not universal in Africa; thus, women often present in labor with unknown HIV status without receiving the HIVNET 012… Expand
Background: Acute (antibody-negative) HIV infection is associated with high transmission potential but is rarely recognized. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: We examined the prevalence and… Expand
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to determine the relative effect of malaria infection on HIV concentration in blood plasma, and prospectively to monitor viral concentrations after antimalarial… Expand
The authors discuss studies on the low-cost viral load assays that are currently available and their potential for use in resource-limited settings.