Suryanarayana V. Vulimiri

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Metabolomics is a technology for identifying and quantifying numerous biochemicals across metabolic pathways. Using this approach, we explored changes in biochemical profiles of human alveolar epithelial carcinoma (A549) cells following in vitro exposure to mainstream whole smoke (WS) aerosol as well as to wet total particulate matter (WTPM) or gas/vapor(More)
The current study was designed to determine the mechanistic basis for differences in the effects of naturally occurring furanocoumarins on skin tumor initiation by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). Female SENCAR mice were pretreated topically with bergamottin, imperatorin, or isopimpinellin (100-3200 nmol), 7,8-benzoflavone (7,8-BF, 5-40 nmol, a known(More)
We have determined the tumor-initiating activity of (+/-)syn- and (+/-)anti-7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide (syn- and anti-DMBADE), the two metabolically formed bay-region diol epoxides of DMBA, and we have also analyzed mutations in the H-ras gene from tumors induced by these compounds. Using a two-stage, initiation-promotion protocol(More)
The current study was designed to evaluate the effects of oral administration of the citrus coumarin, isopimpinellin, on skin tumor initiation by topically applied benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). To evaluate the effects of orally administered isopimpinellin on skin tumor initiation by B[a]P and DMBA, its effects on DNA(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the level of smoking-related aromatic DNA adducts and oxidative DNA damage in current smokers from a lung cancer case-control study in African Americans and Mexican Americans. In addition, mutagen sensitivity (bleomycin-induced chromatid breaks), a marker of genetic susceptibility, was assessed in these patients and(More)
Mutagenic agents have long been inferred to act through low-dose linear, nonthreshold processes. However, there is debate about this assumption, with various studies interpreting datasets as showing thresholds for DNA damage and mutation. We have applied rigorous statistical analyses to investigate the shape of dose-response relationships for a series of in(More)
Egypt shows a parallel increase in premenopausal breast cancer and environmental pollution. The purpose of this study is to explore a possible relationship between oxidative DNA damage, urinary estrogen metabolites and breast cancer in Egyptian premenopausal women. We conducted a pilot study of Egyptian breast cancer involving 29 cases and 32 controls and(More)
Several naturally occurring coumarins, to which humans are routinely exposed in the diet, were previously found to inhibit P450-mediated metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) in vitro, block DNA adduct formation in mouse epidermis and inhibit skin tumor initiation by B[a]P and/or DMBA when applied topically to mice.(More)
Both experimental animals and humans exhibit complex cellular responses upon exposure to xenobiotics and may undergo similar types of metabolic changes leading to adverse outcomes. Exposure to xenobiotics results in perturbation of many cellular events (e.g. oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, inflammation, genotoxicity, cytotoxicity, etc.), and during(More)
Phenolics, common plant constituents, form up an important part of human diet and are considered potential chemopreventive agents. In the present study, structurally diverse phenolics, such as tannic acid, protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid and resveratrol, were investigated for their inhibitory effects on covalent binding of(More)