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INTRODUCTION Heparin is a widely used anticoagulant that inhibits thrombin and factor Xa via antithrombin III. Bivalirudin is a direct thrombin inhibitor and does not inhibit factor Xa. It inhibits both circulating and clot-bound thrombin. In order to better understand the mechanisms of action of these anticoagulants, we studied their effects on the… (More)
With the growing requirement of echocardiography in the perioperative management, the anesthesiologists need to be well trained in transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Lack of formal, structured teaching program precludes the same. The present article reviews the expanding domain of TTE, simulation-based TTE training, the advancements, current limitations,… (More)
BACKGROUND Conduct of stable inhalational anesthetic induction in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) presents special challenges. It requires in-depth understanding of the effect of congenital shunt lesions on the uptake, delivery, and equilibration of anesthetic drugs. Intracardiac shunts can alter the induction time and if delivery of anesthetic… (More)
Objective: To compare the haemodynamic effects of the induction agents ketamine, etomidate and sevoflurane using the model of electrical velocimetry based cardiac output monitoring in paediatric cardiac surgical patients. of anesthesia in children undergoing cardiac surgery, followed by ketamine and sevoflurane.