Sureyya Ekem

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I Department of Neurology, Zonguldak Karaelmas University Medical Faculty Zonguldak, Turkey. II Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Zonguldak Karaelmas University Medical Faculty, Zonguldak, Turkey III Zonguldak “A” Tıp Merkezi (Private Medical Clinic), Zonguldak, Turkey Email: doga24@yahoo.com Tel: 90 372 2667375 UNUSUAL(More)
Homocysteine, a sulfur-containing amino acid, is an intermediate during the conversion of methionine to cysteine. Homocysteine can cause vascular injury and atherosclerotic plaque instability. In addition, homocysteine may be directly correlated with hyperlipidemia and lipoprotein(a) and inversely with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, the(More)
Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between cavernous sinus and carotid arterial system. Diagnosis depends on clinical manifestations and MRI findings and angiography. Clinical presentation of CCFs is characterized with chemosis, orbital bruit and pulsatile proptosis. Cranial nerve dysfunction and orbital pain might accompany these(More)
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