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Effects of repeated feeding of selenium, when given alone or along with reduced glutathione, on whole blood selenium levels, selenosis and glutathione peroxidase activity, was studied in buffalo calves. After feeding 2.5 mg/kg of BW sodium selenite, good correlation was found between the onset of selenosis and whole blood selenium concentrations. Adverse(More)
The present study was planned to investigate the pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone in experimentally induced febrile buffalo calves (n=5). The fever was induced by intravenous injection of E.coli lipopolysaccaride (1 microgram/kg). To study the pharmacokinetics, ceftriaxone was administered at the dose rate of 10 mg/kg body wt. in all animals. At 1 min, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Voiding dysfunction is common among women. However, unlike men, no universally accepted nomogram is available for them. This study was undertaken to establish normal reference values of urinary flow parameters for healthy Indian female population in menstrual age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS Women volunteers of menstrual age group, including(More)
BACKGROUND There is an overwhelming burden of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease among Indigenous Australians. In this high risk population, it is vital that we are able to measure accurately kidney function. Glomerular filtration rate is the best overall marker of kidney function. However, differences in body build and body(More)
BACKGROUND With rapid industrialization, the quality of the air is being compromised in several Indian cities. Hence, the effect of air pollution on mortality was studied in the Ludhiana city of Punjab in northern India. MATERIALS AND METHODS Air quality and meteorological and mortality data were obtained for 2002-2004. Punjab Pollution Control Board(More)
Although unusual in western countries and in Australia in general, post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) is still common in Australian Aboriginal children living in remote communities. Here, we evaluated whether episodes of acute PSGN increased the risk for chronic kidney disease in later life in 1519 residents of a remote Aboriginal community (85%(More)
Morbidities and deaths from noncommunicable chronic diseases are greatly increased in remote Australian Aboriginal communities, but little is known of the underlying community-based health profiles. We describe chronic-disease profiles and their risk factors in 3 remote communities in the Northern Territory. Consenting adults (18+ years of age) in 3(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness and is the third leading cause of blindness. Genetic factors are known to influence an individual's risk for developing AMD. Linkage has earlier been shown to the vascular endothelial growth factor 2 (VEGF2) gene and AMD. To examine the role of VEGFR2 in north Indian population, we(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly population. We have shown previously that mice deficient in monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP1/CCL2) or its receptor (CCR2) develop the features of AMD in senescent mice, however, the human genetic evidence so far is contradictory. We hypothesized that(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the reliability of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements with the ProTon tonometer and the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) in normal and post-penetrating keratoplasty (post-PK) eyes. DESIGN Prospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-four individuals (48 eyes) with no known ocular disorder and 59(More)