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On a global basis, ticks transmit a greater variety of pathogenic microorganisms, protozoa, rickettsiae, spirochaets, and viruses than any other arthropods and are among the most important vectors of diseases affecting livestock, humans, and companion animals. Ticks and tick-borne diseases (TTBDs) affect 80% of the world cattle population and are widely(More)
Antibiotics are commonly added to animal feed as supplements to promote growth of food animals. However, absorption of antibiotics in the animal gut is not complete and as a result substantial amounts of antibiotics are excreted in urine and feces that end up in manure. Manure is used worldwide not only as a source of plant nutrients but also as a source of(More)
In the present study, an adsorbent was prepared from tamarind seeds and used after activation for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions. The tamarind seeds were activated by treating them with concentrated sulfuric acid (98% w/w) at a temperature of 150 degrees C. The adsorption of Cr(VI) was found to be maximum at low values of initial pH in the(More)
Eighty-five corrosion casts of human portal veins were studied. The following observations were made: (1) In 88% of the cases, the portal vein divided into right and left branches, and in 12% of the cases, it divided into the left branch of the portal vein and anterior and posterior segmental n:veins; (2) Anterior and posterior segmental veins were branches(More)
The TAG-72 glycoprotein is highly expressed in many tumor types and has been considered a target for tumor imaging. In this work, we used the f88-4/Cys6 phage library of constrained 16 mer peptides to select those that demonstrate binding to TAG-72. Three consensus peptides were identified: NPGTCKD-KWIECLLNG (clone A); NLIWCRKEFARCTSDM (clone B); and(More)
The various patterns in calcanean articular facets of 500 Indian tali have been observed and classified accordingly. Type I tali have one flat facet on plantar surface of its head (16%); Type II tali, the calcanean facet were divided into 2 parts by a indistinct or prominent ridge (78%); Type III tali, the calcanean articular facet was partly separated by(More)
Population growth, coupled with industrialization and urbanization, has resulted in an increasing demand for water thus leading to water crisis and serious consequences on the environment. The effluent stream released from the industries mainly comprises of hazardous chemicals and heavy metal ions. Chromium is abundant in nature and has a dominant presence(More)
Two full thickness skin wounds were produced on either side of dorsal midline in rats to study the effect of low intensity laser radiation on wound healing. Wounds on left side were irradiated daily with Helium Neon laser at 4 Joules/sq cm for 5 min. Wounds on right side were not exposed and served as controls. The mean +/- SD of time required for complete(More)
Biliary phospholipid secretion is tightly coupled to the secretion of free cholesterol and bile salts. The secretion of phospholipids across the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes occurs via the multidrug resistance 2 (mdr2) P-glycoprotein (Pgp). The mechanism underlying the coupling of bile salt and phospholipid secretion has not been elucidated. The aims(More)
Cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), the rate-limiting enzyme in the neutral pathway of bile acid biosynthesis, is feedback-inhibited at the transcriptional level by hydrophobic bile acids. Recent studies show that bile acids are physiological ligands for farnesoid X receptor (FXR). Activated FXR indirectly represses CYP7A1 transcription through(More)