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e introduce a profit maximization version of the well-known Wagner-Whitin model for the deterministic uncapacitated single-item lot-sizing problem with lost sales. Demand cannot be backlogged, but it does not have to be satisfied, either. Costs and selling prices are assumed to be time-variant, differentiating our model from previous models with lost sales.(More)
One of the alternative methods adopted in recent years is to use biotechnological approaches for improving the tree species. The synthetic seeds offer several advantages, e.g., easy handling, storability, reduced size of propagules, and transportability. Germplasm can be effectively stored in the form of synthetic seeds. A protocol has been developed for(More)
Recent research in organic photovoltaic (OPV) is largely focused on developing low cost OPV materials such as graphene. However, graphene sheets (GSs) blended conjugated polymers are known to show inferior OPV characteristics as compared to fullerene adduct blended with conjugated polymer. Here, we demonstrate that graphene quantum dots blended with(More)
We report Barium (Ba) cathode layer for bulk-heterojunction solar cells which enhanced the fill factor (FF) of p-DTS(FBTTh2)2/PC71BM BHJ solar cell up to 75.1%, one of the highest value reported for an organic solar cell. The external quantum efficiency exceeds 80%. Analysis of recombination mechanisms using the current-voltage (J-V) characteristics at(More)