Suresh C Tyagi

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BACKGROUND: The topical role of uric acid and its relation to cardiovascular disease, renal disease, and hypertension is rapidly evolving. Its important role both historically and currently in the clinical clustering phenomenon of the metabolic syndrome (MS), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), atheroscleropathy, and non-diabetic atherosclerosis is of great(More)
Homocysteine (Hcy) causes cerebrovascular dysfunction by inducing oxidative stress. However, to date, there are no strategies to prevent Hcy-induced oxidative damage. Hcy is an H2S precursor formed from methionine (Met) metabolism. We aimed to investigate whether H2S ameliorated Met-induced oxidative stress in mouse brain endothelial cells (bEnd3). The(More)
A collagen network, composed largely of type I and III fibrillar collagens, is found in the extracellular space of the myocardium. This network has multiple functions which includes a preservation of tissue architecture and chamber geometry. Given its tensile strength, collagen is a major determinant of tissue stiffness. Its disproportionate accumulation,(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and neutrophil elastate (NE) may each contribute to fibrillar collagen degradation in various disease states. Little, however, is known about the activation and localization of MMP in the heart. Accordingly, we extracted MMP and examined mechanisms of proMMP activation in whole tissue extracts of the adult rat myocardium.(More)
The hypothesis is that chronic increases in left ventricular (LV) load induce oxidative stress and latent matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) is activated, allowing the heart to dilate in the absence of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) and thereby reduce filling pressure. To create volume overload, an arteriovenous (A-V) fistula was placed in male Sprague-Dawley(More)
Dynamic changes in the reduction-oxidation (redox) state of the tissue lead to the pathophysiological condition. Reduced homocysteine causes dysfunctions in endothelium. The proliferation of smooth muscle cells may lead to occlusive vascular disease, ischemia, and heart failure, but whether fibrosis and hypertension are a consequence of smooth muscle(More)
Sustained pressure overload causes cardiac hypertrophy and the transition to heart failure. We show here that dietary supplementation with physiologically relevant levels of copper (Cu) reverses preestablished hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by pressure overload induced by ascending aortic constriction in a mouse model. The reversal occurs in the(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported the role of anti-angiogenic factors in inducing the transition from compensatory cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure and the significance of MMP-9 and TIMP-3 in promoting this process during pressure overload hemodynamic stress. Several studies reported the evidence of cardiac autophagy, involving removal of cellular(More)
Measurement of collagenolytic activity is of interest to a wide variety of investigators using mammalian tissue. In order to develop a method that would quantitate active collagenase from microquantities of human tissue, we employed zymography to the heart and uterus of neonatal, adult, and postpartum rats. Collagenase rapidly cleaves native collagen into(More)
In hypertension, an increase in arterial wall thickness and loss of elasticity over time result in an increase in pulse wave velocity, a direct measure of arterial stiffness. This change is reflected in gradual fragmentation and loss of elastin fibers and accumulation of stiffer collagen fibers in the media that occurs independently of atherosclerosis.(More)