Surasakdi Wongratanacheewin

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Melioidosis is a notoriously protracted illness and is difficult to cure. We hypothesize that the causative organism, Burkholderia pseudomallei, undergoes a process of adaptation involving altered expression of surface determinants which facilitates persistence in vivo and that this is reflected by changes in colony morphology. A colony morphotyping scheme(More)
Melioidosis is a serious community-acquired infectious disease caused by the Gram-negative environmental bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. A prospective cohort study identified 2,243 patients admitted to Sappasithiprasong Hospital in northeast Thailand with culture-confirmed melioidosis between 1997 and 2006. These data were used to calculate an average(More)
The incidence of Burkholderia pseudomallei in the soil from north-east Thailand is estimated to be 20-fold higher than that from central Thailand, and is associated with a 10-fold higher incidence of melioidosis in the region than in central Thailand. This study investigated the presence of B. pseudomallei in relation to the physicochemical properties of(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis but currently the pathogenesis of the disease is still poorly understood. One of the virulent factors of gram-negative bacteria is the ability to produce biofilm to evade host defense. As B. pseudomallei has also been reported to develop the biofilm [1], in the present study, we therefore,(More)
Although CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODNs) are known to enhance resistance against infection in a number of animal models, little is known about the CpG-induced protection against acute fatal sepsis such as that associated with the highly virulent bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. We previously demonstrated in an in vitro study that immunostimulatory(More)
In this study, a recently developed PCR test for the detection of Opisthorchis viverrini in human faecal samples was evaluated using two parasitological methods as references. During a survey of foodborne trematodes (FBT) in the Vientiane Province, Lao PDR, 85 samples were collected and evaluated for FBT eggs by the Kato Katz (KK) technique, the formalin(More)
In this study, we describe the development of a fast and accurate molecular identification system for human-associated liver fluke species (Opisthorchis viverrini, Opisthorchis felineus, and Clonorchis sinensis) using the PCR-RFLP analysis of the 18S-ITS1-5.8S nuclear ribosomal DNA region. Based on sequence variation in the target rDNA region, we selected(More)
Opisthorchiasis is a liver fluke infection, found mainly in Southeast Asia (8) but increasingly in developed countries due to an influx of Asian immigrants (7). The diagnostic methods are based on the demonstration of eggs in stools, although there are still difficulties in distinguishing eggs from heterophyid and lecithodendriid parasites (2). We have(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei is a gram-negative bacillus that is the causative agent of melioidosis. We evaluated host-pathogen interaction at different levels using three separate B. pseudomallei mutants generated by insertional inactivation. One of these mutants is defective in the production of the polysaccharide side chains associated with(More)
Opisthorchis viverrini infection is an endemic disease that causes a serious public health problem in southeast Asia, especially in northeast Thailand. We have developed a PCR method using a pair of primers named OV-6F/OV-6R for detecting O. viverrini eggs in stool samples and compared it with Stoll's egg-count method. The primers were designed based on the(More)