Suranga Pradeep Kodithuwakku

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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic and permeability enhancing factor, which shows the highest activity in the oviduct during the periovulatory period of the estrous cycle in cattle. It has also been shown that the contraction activity of oviduct is highest during the periovulatory period. The present study therefore focused on(More)
The environmental toxicant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) affects embryo development, implantation and fertility in humans. The underlying molecular mechanism by which TCDD suppresses implantation remains largely unknown. We used the trophoblastic spheroids (embryo surrogate)-endometrial cells co-culture assay to study the attachment of(More)
BACKGROUND High serum estradiol (E2) levels following ovarian stimulation lead to reduced implantation and pregnancy rates, yet the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We investigated if aberrant expression of genes in the Wnt-signaling pathway may be involved. METHODS Microarray and real-time PCR analysis were performed to analyze gene expression(More)
BACKGROUND Olfactomedin (Olfm) is a member of a diverse group of extracellular matrix proteins important for neuronal growth. Recent microarray studies identified Olfm as one of the down-regulated transcripts in receptive endometrium at the time of embryo attachment and implantation. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms that govern Olfm expression(More)
Ectopic pregnancy (EP) occurs when the embryo fails to transit to the uterus and attach to the luminal epithelium of the Fallopian tube (FT). Tubal EP is a common gynecological emergency and more than 95% of EP occurs in the ampullary region of the FT. In humans, Wnt activation and downregulation of olfactomedin-1 (Olfm-1) occur in the receptive endometrium(More)
The dynamic action of oviductal secretory compounds on spermatozoa function is well documented. In contrast, the effect of spermatozoa on oviductal function remains poorly characterized. Previously, our lab and others have shown that prostaglandin (PG), together with other vasoactive peptides, plays major roles in oviductal contractions and sperm transport.(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II), a vasoactive peptide, is secreted by the bovine oviduct and is involved in modulation of local oviductal contraction. Ang II biosynthesis and release during the normal estrous cycle and the effects of luteinizing hormone (LH) and ovarian steroids on biosynthesis and secretion of Ang II were investigated. During the preovulatory(More)
Exposure of animals to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), a surfactant used in emulsion polymerization processes causes early pregnancy loss, delayed growth and development of fetuses. The mechanisms of action are largely unknown. We studied the effect of PFOA on implantation using an in vitro spheroid-endometrial cell co-culture model. PFOA (10-100μM)(More)
Successful embryo implantation requires a synchronized dialogue between a competent blastocyst and the receptive endometrium, which occurs in a limited time period known as the "window of implantation." Recent studies suggested that down-regulation of olfactomedin 1 (OLFM1) in the endometrium and fallopian tube is associated with receptive endometrium and(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on olfactomedin-1 (Olfm1) expression and spheroid attachment in human fallopian tube epithelial cells in vitro. DESIGN Experimental study. SETTING Reproductive biology laboratory. PATIENT(S) Healthy nonpregnant women. INTERVENTION(S) No patient interventions. MAIN OUTCOME(More)