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Commonly used methods for determining split renal function (SRF) from dynamic scintigraphic data require extrarenal background subtraction and additional correction for intrarenal vascular activity. The use of these additional regions of interest (ROIs) can produce inaccurate results and be challenging, e.g. if the heart is out of the camera field of view.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to determine which of three two-parameter fitting functions (exponential, linear-log, and negative-power function of time) most accurately models early chromium-51-EDTA (51Cr-EDTA) plasma concentration data prior to 120 min in patients with cirrhosis and ascites and understand how these fitting functions affect the(More)
A series of calculations, varying from simple electrostatic to more detailed semi-empirical based molecular dynamics ones, were carried out on charged gas phase ions of the cytochrome c(') dimer. The energetics of differing charge states, charge partitionings, and charge configurations were examined in both the low and high charge regimes. As well,(More)
Free energies are calculated for the protonated cytochrome c' dimer ion in the gas phase as a function of the center of mass distance between the monomers. A number of different charge partitionings are examined as well as the behavior of the neutral complex. It is found that monomer unfolding competes with complex dissociation and that the relative(More)
OBJECTIVES Glomerular filtration rate can be measured as the plasma clearance (CL) of a glomerular filtration rate marker despite body fluid disturbances using numerous, prolonged time samples. We desire a simplified technique without compromised accuracy and precision. MATERIALS AND METHODS We compared CL values derived from two plasma concentration(More)
We present a model that generalizes the apparent volume of distribution and half-life as functions of time following intravenous bolus injection. This generalized model defines a time varying apparent volume of drug distribution. The half-lives of drug remaining in the body vary in time and become longer as time elapses, eventually converging to the(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations, combined with umbrella sampling, is used to study how gramicidin A (gA) dimers dissociate in the lipid bilayer. The potential of mean force and intermolecular potential energy are computed as functions of the distance between center of masses of the two gA monomers in two directions of separation: parallel to the bilayer(More)
Understanding the dissociation mechanism of multimeric protein complex ions is important for deciphering gas phase dissociation experiments. The dissociation of cytochrome c' dimer ions in the gas phase was investigated in the present study by constrained molecular dynamics simulations. The center of mass (COM) distance between two monomers was selected as(More)
BACKGROUND The convolution approach to thyroid time-activity curve (TAC) data fitting with a gamma distribution convolution (GDC) TAC model following bolus intravenous injection is presented and applied to 99mTc-MIBI data. The GDC model is a convolution of two gamma distribution functions that simultaneously models the distribution and washout kinetics of(More)
Coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations have been used to investigate the effect of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) tail group polarity on the structural and phase behavior of both single component and binary mixed monolayers using the MARTINI force field. Surface pressure-area isotherms of single component systems indicate that DPPC monolayers(More)