Suraj P. Bhat

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The expression of Pax-6 in fully-differentiated chick retina remains largely confined to the amacrine and ganglion cell layers. In the developing posthatch chick retina, Pax-6 expression shows a biphasic pattern; a decrease by posthatch day 17 followed by a steady increase in the adult eye. Interestingly, we find that this biphasic expression of Pax-6 is(More)
PURPOSE During the early phase of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU), before macrophages infiltrate the retina and uvea, photoreceptor mitochondrial oxidative stress, nitration of photoreceptor mitochondrial proteins, and release of cytochrome c have been observed. However, no apoptosis has been detected during this phase. In this study,(More)
PURPOSE To determine how nonsense mutations in the transcription factor ZEB1 lead to the development of posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy type 3 (PPCD3). METHODS Whole-cell extracts were obtained from cultured human corneal epithelial cells (HCEpCs) as a source of ZEB1 protein. DNA-binding assays were performed using the whole-cell extract and(More)
PURPOSE All crystallins have non-crystallin catalytic functions. Because catalytic functions do not require large concentrations of protein, as are seen in the lens, there is a perception of dichotomy in the catalytic/physiological function of crystallins within and outside the lens. The status of alphaB-crystallin, a ubiquitously expressed small heat shock(More)
The small heat shock protein, αA-crystallin null (αA-/-) mice are known to be more prone to retinal degeneration than the wild type mice in Experimental Autoimmune Uveoretinitis (EAU). In this report we demonstrate that intravenous administration of αA preserves retinal architecture and prevents photoreceptor damage in EAU. Interestingly, only αA and not(More)
αA-Crystallin (αA) and αB-crystallin (αB), the two prominent members of the small heat shock family of proteins are considered to be two subunits of one multimeric protein, α-crystallin, within the ocular lens. Outside of the ocular lens, however, αA and αB are known to be two independent proteins, with mutually exclusive expression in many tissues. This(More)
PURPOSE The clinical management of cataracts in infancy involves surgical removal of the lens to ensure transmission of light to the retina, which is essential for normal neural development of the infant. This surgery, however, entails a lifelong follow-up and impaired vision. To our knowledge, no animal models recapitulate human lamellar opacities, the(More)
Deciphering of the information content of eukaryotic promoters has remained confined to universal landmarks and conserved sequence elements such as enhancers and transcription factor binding motifs, which are considered sufficient for gene activation and regulation. Gene-specific sequences, interspersed between the canonical transacting factor binding sites(More)
Epithelial cells and fibroblasts both express heat shock transcription factors, HSF1 and HSF4, yet they respond to heat shock differentially. For example, while HSP70 is induced in both cell types, the small heat shock protein, αB-crystallin gene (CRYAB) that contains a canonical heat shock promoter, is only induced in fibroblasts. A canonical heat shock(More)