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The molecular cascade of stress response in higher eukaryotes commences in the cytoplasm with the trimerization of the heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), followed by its transport to the nucleus, where it binds to the heat shock element leading to the activation of transcription from the down-stream gene(s). This well-established paradigm has been mostly studied(More)
alpha-Crystallin, a tissue specific structural protein of the ocular lens, is known to be composed of two subunits, alpha A and alpha B. By using a specific antibody in an immunoblotting procedure we have found that one of the subunits, alpha B is present in a number of non-lenticular tissues including the retina, heart, skeletal muscle, skin, brain, spinal(More)
alpha-Crystallin, the predominant structural protein of the ocular lens, has been considered to be composed of two subunits, alpha A-crystallin and alpha B-crystallin. Of these two, alpha B-crystallin has been previously shown to be an extralenticular protein while alpha A-crystallin has been considered to be a lens-specific polypeptide. Using an antiserum(More)
An adult lens contains two easily discernible, morphologically distinct compartments, the epithelium and the fiber-cell mass. The fiber-cell mass provides the lens with its functional phenotype, transparency. Metabolically, in comparison to the fiber cells the epithelium is the more active compartment of the ocular lens. For the purposes of this review we(More)
Alpha B-crystallin, a polypeptide of molecular mass 22 kDa, is considered to be one of two subunits (alpha A and alpha B) of the multimeric lens-specific protein, alpha-crystallin. Recent demonstrations of the extra-lenticular presence of alpha B-crystallin have suggested that outside of the lens, this polypeptide may have functions independent of alpha A.(More)
Based on the premise that all crystallins have cellular and metabolically relevant catalytic activities, we propose that aberrant changes in non-crystallin (non-refractive) functions presage the appearance of cataractous pathologies in an otherwise highly stable edifice of transparency. This proposal is based on accumulating evidence from developmental,(More)
A strategy to control flocculation is investigated using dimorphic yeast, Benjaminiella poitrasii as a model. Parent form of this yeast (Y) exhibited faster flocculation (11.1 min) than the monomorphic yeast form mutant Y-5 (12.6 min). Atomic force microscopy revealed higher surface roughness of Y (439.34 rms) than Y-5 (52 rms). Also, the former had a zeta(More)
The expression of Pax-6 in fully-differentiated chick retina remains largely confined to the amacrine and ganglion cell layers. In the developing posthatch chick retina, Pax-6 expression shows a biphasic pattern; a decrease by posthatch day 17 followed by a steady increase in the adult eye. Interestingly, we find that this biphasic expression of Pax-6 is(More)
Interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein (IRBP) is a soluble glycolipoprotein located between the neurosensory retina and pigment epithelium, which may serve to transport vitamin A derivatives between these tissues. The specific cell type responsible for IRBP synthesis has not been well established. To address this issue, we have examined the expression(More)