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This review focuses on our studies over the past ten years which reveal that the mitochondrial inner membrane is a fluid-state rather than a solid-state membrane and that all membrane proteins and redox components which catalyze electron transport and ATP synthesis are in constant and independent diffusional motion. The studies reviewed represent the(More)
From August 1989 to May 1991, 52 patients with transfusion dependent thalassaemia major received L1 (1,2-dimethyl-3- hydroxypyrid-4-one), the oral iron chelator, for a period of 3-21 months (mean +/- SD: 14.2 +/- 6.8). Mean (+/- SD) urinary iron excretion varied from 6.2 +/- 4.6 mg/d on 25 mg/kg/d of L1 to 42.3 +/- 37.1 mg/d on 100 mg/kg/d of L1. Mean (+/-(More)
We have determined the modes and rates of cytochrome c diffusion as well as the collision frequencies of cytochrome c with its redox partners at the surface of the isolated, mitochondrial inner membrane over a broad range (0-150 mM) of ionic strengths. Using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, resonance energy transfer, and direct binding assay, we(More)
We report here the first experimentally determined lateral diffusion coefficients of the F1F0-ATP synthase and the ADP/ATP translocator in isolated inner membranes of rat liver mitochondria. Rabbit IgG developed against the F1F0-ATP synthase isolated from rat liver mitochondria was determined to be immunospecific for the synthase subunits, notably the(More)
Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching was used to determine the diffusion coefficients of the oxidation-reduction (redox) components ubiquinone, complex III (cytochromes b-c1), cytochrome c, and complex IV (cytochrome oxidase) of the mitochondrial inner membrane. All redox components diffuse in two dimensions as common-pool electron carriers.(More)
We have compared the modes and rates of cytochrome c diffusion to the rates of cytochrome c-mediated electron transport in isolated inner membranes and in whole intact mitochondria. For inner membranes, an increasing ionic strength results in an increasing rate of cytochrome c diffusion, a decreasing concentration (affinity) of cytochrome c near the(More)
The frequency of anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) was evaluated in multi-transfused patients of thalassemia major. Twelve out of 83 patients (14.5%) had positive ANA at titres of 1:80 or above. The results were compared with age and sex matched healthy controls who showed positive results in only 1 of 52 cases (1.9%; p less than 0.05). Antibody against double(More)
Regional myocardial ischemia was produced in anesthetized pigs by occluding the left anterior descending coronary artery. Mitochondria were prepared from both normally perfused and ischemic myocardium after 2 h of occlusion. Mitochondria from the ischemic area exhibited an 89% increase in cholesterol content from 32.7 +/- 1.9 (control) to 62.0 +/- 0.47(More)