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Although herbal medicine (HM) behaves as a complex system having high-potential for treating chronic/life-threatening diseases, compatible characterization metrics with hierarchical approaches to integrate molecular-level information into the whole system are lacking. Herein, we report a high-throughput methodology (holographic infrared (IR) spectroscopy)(More)
It has been proved to be a very useful method to distinguish similar samples by two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy when they are hardly distinguished by the conventional one-dimensional spectroscopy. To acquire the quantitative description of the differences between samples, the similarity of the series dynamic spectra, which reflects the similarity(More)
Two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy, which takes advantage of the apparent enhancement of spectral resolution, is known to be useful in qualitative discrimination of seemingly similar samples. The possibility of quantitative classification of 2D correlation spectra is even more desirable. Two useful parameters, namely Euclidian distance and(More)
Chinese herbal medicines are often referred to as Chinese materia medica (CMM). Composite formulae containing mixtures of CMM are prescribed for treatment and prevention of diseases in the practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Some of the well-known CMM formulae (Fufang in Chinese) are manufactured and marketed as proprietary Chinese medicines(More)
Excess infrared (IR) absorption spectroscopy, a new concept brought forward by applying the idea of excess thermodynamic functions to infrared spectroscopy, is shown to be a potential method to study hydrogen bonds. It can be applied to enhance spectral resolution of complexed IR bands, to evaluate nonideality of liquid mixtures, and to estimate selective(More)
Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy is a powerful tool to obtain knowledge about the spatial and/or temporal distributions of the chemical compositions of plants for better understanding of their biological properties. However, the chemical morphologies of plant leaves in the plane of the blade are barely studied, because sections in this plane for(More)
Herba Cistanche, an important Chinese herbal medicine, has common four species, Cistanche deserticola (CD), Cistanche tubulosa (CT), Cistanche salsa (CS) and Cistanche sinensis (CSN) which have been frequent mixed used. To clarify the sources of Herba Cistanches and ensure the clinical efficacy and safety, a method combing IR macro-fingerprinting with(More)
In this review, the authors summarized the new technologies and methods for identifying traditional Chinese medicinal materials, including molecular identification, chemical identification, morphological identification, microscopic identification and identification based on biological effects. The authors introduced the principle, characteristics,(More)
The quality of Chinese medical herbs depends on their geographical origins. Combining support vector machine (SVM) with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is a fast, accurate and nondestructive technique to classify the herbal origins. It is time consuming to tune the key parameters of SVM elaborately. However, a special leaveone-out (LOO) error(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish a rapid determination method of pinoresinol diglucoside in Eucommiae unloads by near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS). METHOD Forty-one samples of E. unloads were collected from three different producing areas and their main component, namely pinoresinol diglucoside, was determined by HPLC. Corresponding data of samples were(More)