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In order to investigate the role of testosterone propionate (TP) on the antioxidant system of the rat testis, lipid peroxidation (LPX) and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) of the testis of testosterone-treated and control rats were compared. The results indicate that TP administration to intact adult(More)
Selegiline (L-deprenyl) is believed to render protection against l-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-neurotoxicity to a significant extent via a free radical scavenging mechanism, which is independent of its ability to inhibit monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) in the brain. We investigated the hydroxyl radical (.OH) scavenging action and(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a movement disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of primarily the dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). The present study briefly describes our findings to support the hypothesis that there is a possibility of degeneration of spinal cord (SC) motoneurons in course of parkinsonism. In cell culture models(More)
Multiple investigations in vivo have shown that melatonin (MEL) has a neuroprotective effect in the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI). This study investigates the role of MEL as an intervening agent for ameliorating Ca(2+)-mediated events, including activation of calpain, following its administration to rats sustaining experimental SCI. Calpain, a(More)
Exposure to environmental toxins increases the risk of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD). Rotenone is a neurotoxin that has been used to induce experimental Parkinsonism in rats. We used the rotenone model of experimental Parkinsonism to explore a novel aspect of extra-nigral degeneration, the neurodegeneration of spinal cord(More)
Pathophysiology of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with degeneration of dopaminergic neurons and inflammatory responses in the mid-brain substantia nigra (SN). However, central dopaminergic replenishment therapeutic strategy with L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), the precursor for dopamine synthesis, does not fully rescue these cells(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes loss of neurological function and, depending on serverity, may cause paralysis. The only recommended pharmacotherapy for the treatment of SCI is high-dose methylprednisolone, and its use is controversial. We have previously shown that estrogen treatment attenuated cell death, axonal and myelin damage, calpain and caspase(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious neurological disorder that debilitates mostly young people. Unfortunately, we still do not have suitable therapeutic agents for treatment of SCI and prevention of its devastating consequences. However, we have gained a good understanding of pathological mechanisms that cause neurodegeneration leading to paralysis or(More)
A vast literature extolling the benefits of melatonin has accumulated during the past four decades. Melatonin was previously considered of importance to seasonal reproduction and circadian rhythmicity. Currently, it appears to be a versatile anti-oxidative and anti-nitrosative agent, a molecule with immunomodulatory actions and profound oncostatic activity,(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to neurological deficits and motor dysfunction. Methylprednisolone, the only drug used for treating SCI, renders limited neuroprotection and remains controversial. Estrogen is one of the most potent multiactive neuroprotective agents and it is currently under investigation in our laboratory for its efficacy in SCI. The present(More)