Suppiah Paramalingam Sivalingam

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INTRODUCTION Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a Th1 cytokine, which is postulated to play a role in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-18 promoter gene region were found to influence the quantitative expression of the IL-18 protein. The aim of this study was to determine whether IL-18 promoter gene(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic arthritic condition that can lead to deformities and disabilities. Although numerous studies reported the association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1*04 and RA, other genes, e.g. cytokines genes, may contribute towards disease susceptibility. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine postulated to play(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, deforming arthritis that can lead to disabilities and poor quality of life. Cytokines are protein mediators of inflammation and are produced as a result of the activation of various cellular reactions. They are the final mediators and/or regulators of the inflammatory process. MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)
OBJECTIVES Melioidosis, a potentially fatal disease of humans and animals, is caused by the gram-negative bacterium, Burkholderia pseudomallei. There is no approved vaccine or effective prophylaxis. Given its potential as a bioterrorism agent and a cause of serious laboratory-acquired infection, we studied the efficacy of pre- and post-exposure oral(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei, the etiological agent of melioidosis, is a facultative intracellular pathogen. As B. pseudomallei is a gram-negative bacterium, its outer membrane contains lipopolysaccharide (LPS) molecules, which have been shown to have low-level immunological activities in vitro. In this study, the biological activities of B. pseudomallei LPS(More)
BACKGROUND Burkholderia pseudomallei, a facultative intracellular pathogen, causes systemic infection in humans with high mortality especially when infection occurs through an infectious aerosol. Previous studies indicated that the epithelial cells in the lung are an active participant in host immunity. In this study, we aimed to investigate the innate(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic arthritic condition that can lead to deformities and disabilities. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine known to play a role in the acute and chronic inflammatory phases of RA. IL-18 binding protein is the natural antagonist of IL-18 protein. We aim to identify the effect of HLA-DRB1*04 gene(More)
Synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing unmethylated cytosine guanine (CpG) dinucleotides motifs act as immune adjuvant and provide means of modulation to immune responses when co-delivered with antigens. They stimulate both innate and adaptive immune responses and induce T helper 1 (Th1) immune responses. We investigated the immunomodulation of(More)
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