Sunyoung Hwang

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Aneuploidy causes severe developmental defects and is a near universal feature of tumor cells. Despite its profound effects, the cellular processes affected by aneuploidy are not well characterized. Here, we examined the consequences of aneuploidy on the proteome of aneuploid budding yeast strains. We show that although protein levels largely scale with(More)
CosR (Campylobacter oxidative stress regulator; Cj0355c) is an OmpR-type response regulator essential for the viability of Campylobacter jejuni, a leading foodborne pathogen causing human gastroenteritis worldwide. Despite importance, the function of CosR remains completely unknown mainly because of cell death caused by its knockout mutation. To overcome(More)
CosR is an essential response regulator in Campylobacter jejuni, a major food-borne pathogen causing enteritis worldwide. A transcriptomic analysis performed in this study discovered 93 genes whose transcriptional levels were changed >2-fold due to the repression of CosR expression by antisense peptide nucleic acid. The identified CosR-regulated genes are(More)
Ghrelin is known to promote neuronal defense and survival against ischemic injury by inhibiting apoptotic processes. In the present study, we investigated the role of prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4), a proapoptotic gene the expression of which is increased after ischemic injury, in ghrelin-mediated neuroprotection during middle cerebral artery(More)
Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen that actively invades host eukaryotic cells. To identify invasion factors responsible for the intestinal translocation of C. sakazakii, we constructed for the first time outer membrane protein X (OmpX) and A (OmpA) deletion mutants using the lambda Red recombination system. The ompX and ompA deletion(More)
Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand for growth hormone (GH) secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a) and is produced and released mainly from the stomach. It was recently demonstrated that ghrelin can function as a neuroprotective factor by inhibiting apoptotic pathways. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) causes nigrostriatal dopaminergic(More)
The present study tested the cytoprotective effect of methyleugenol in an in vivo ischemia model (i.e. middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 1.5 h and subsequent reperfusion for 24 h) and further investigated its mechanism of action in in vitro cerebral ischemic models. When applied shortly after reperfusion, methyleugenol largely reduced cerebral(More)
Human infection by Campylobacter jejuni is mainly through the consumption of contaminated poultry products, which results in gastroenteritis and, rarely, bacteremia and polyneuropathies. In this study, six C. jejuni-specific bacteriophages (CPS1-6) were isolated by the spot-on-the-lawn technique from chicken samples in Korea and characterized for potential(More)
(S)-cis-verbenol, a natural metabolite from (-)-alpha-pinene of host pine tree, has been suggested to have anti-ischemic activity. However, the exact mechanism for the anti-ischemic activity of (S)-cis-verbenol remains unclear yet. In the present study, (S)-cis-verbenol reduced cerebral ischemic injury caused by 1.5-h middle cerebral artery occlusion(More)
A series of novel (1S)-(-)-verbenone derivatives was synthesized bearing a 4-styryl scaffold. The synthesized compounds were tested for their anti-oxidant, anti-excitotoxic, and anti-ischemic activities. These derivatives significantly reduced oxygen-glucose deprivation-induced neuronal injury and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid-evoked excitotoxicity in cortical(More)