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One of the major goals of most national, international and non-governmental health organizations is to eradicate the occurrence of vaccine-preventable childhood diseases (e.g., polio). Without a high vaccination coverage in a country or a geographical region, these deadly diseases take a heavy toll on children. Therefore, it is important for an effective(More)
Latent fingerprints serve as an important source of forensic evidence in a court of law. Automatic matching of latent fingerprints to rolled/plain (exemplar) fingerprints with high accuracy is quite vital for such applications. However, latent impressions are typically of poor quality with complex background noise which makes feature extraction and matching(More)
With the advancements in iris matching and growing number of system deployments, a wide variety of iris cameras are now being manufactured. These cameras differ in manufacturing technology, including image acquisition spectrum and illumination settings. For large scale applications (e.g. UID system in India) where cameras from several vendors are likely to(More)
Iris recognition has been used mainly to recognize cooperative subjects in controlled environments. With the continuing improvements in iris matching performance and reduction in the cost of iris scanners, the technology will witness broader applications and may be confronted with newer challenges. In this research, we have investigated one such challenge,(More)
Automatic matching of poor quality latent fingerprints to rolled/slap fingerprints using an Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) is still far from satisfactory. Therefore, it is a common practice to have a latent examiner mark features on a latent for improving the hit rate of the AFIS. We propose a synergistic crowd powered latent(More)
There is a growing demand for biometrics-based recognition of children for a number of applications, particularly in developing countries where children do not have any form of identification. These applications include tracking child vaccination schedules, identifying missing children, preventing fraud in food subsidies, and preventing newborn baby swaps(More)
Standard targets are typically used for structural (white-box) evaluation of fingerprint readers, e.g., for calibrating imaging components of a reader. However, there is no standard method for behavioral (black-box) evaluation of fingerprint readers in operational settings where variations in finger placement by the user are encountered. The goal of this(More)
Latent fingerprints are of critical value in forensic science because they serve as an important source of evidence in a court of law. Automatic matching of latent fingerprints to rolled/plain (exemplar) fingerprints with high accuracy is quite vital for such applications. However, due to poor latent image quality in general, latent fingerprint matching(More)
—One of the critical factors prior to deployment of any large scale biometric system is to have a realistic estimate of its matching performance. In practice, evaluations are conducted on the operational data to set an appropriate threshold on match scores before the actual deployment. These performance estimates, though, are restricted by the amount of(More)
We design and fabricate wearable whole hand 3D targets complete with four fingerprints and one thumb print for evaluating multi-finger capture devices, e.g., contact-based and contactless slap readers. We project 2D calibration patterns onto 3D finger surfaces pertaining to each of the four fingers and the thumb to synthetically generate electronic 3D whole(More)