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Attempts to solve the fundamental questions regarding the descent of man are dogged by superstitions and unexamined orthodoxies. The origin of humans, established a decade ago based upon cytological analysis of ape chromosomes, continues to be called into question. Although molecular methods have provided a framework for tracing the paths of human(More)
Pericentric inversion of the secondary constriction region (qh) of human chromosome 9 is a frequent occurrence. This structural alteration is regarded as a normal familial variant, termed heteromorphism, and is inherited in a Mendelian fashion without any apparent phenotypic consequences. We characterized the qh region of chromosome 9 from five individuals(More)
Heterochromatin confined to pericentromeric (c) and secondary constriction (qh) regions plays a major role in morphological variation of chromosome 9, because of its size and affinity for pericentric inversion. Consequently, pairing at pachytene may lead to some disturbances between homologous chromosomes having such extreme variations and may result in(More)
The advent of a new staining technique, termed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), allows the rapid identification of the genomic constitution of an individual with aneuploidy even in interphase nuclei through the use of a series of chromosome-specific DNA probes, an approach termed "interphase cytogenetics." However, alphoid DNA sequences of every(More)
Structural abnormalities involving heterochromatic regions of the human genome are difficult to characterize because these segments are G-band negative by GTG technique, a routinely used procedure in clinical cytogenetic laboratories. Chromosome abnormalities of such cases have gone undetected or were incorrectly characterized because these regions are(More)
A number of selective staining techniques have been utilized to decipher the variability of pericentromeric heterochromatin. One such technique is called DA/DAPI and it is believed to be stain specific. However, we demonstrate otherwise and suggest that pericentromeric regions of all human chromosomes stain positive by DA/DAPI-technique. It must be(More)
Using a series of genetic parameters, attempts have been made for more than two decades to establish the close kinship of human (Homo sapiens) with chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). Molecular and cytogenetic data presently suggest that the two species are closely related. The recent isolation of a human telomeric probe (P5097-B.5) has prompted us to cross(More)