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A 116.7-mm NAND flash memory having two modes, 1-Gb multilevel program cell (MLC) and high-performance 512 -Mb single-level program cell (SLC) modes, is fabricated with a 0.15m CMOS technology. Utilizing simultaneous operation of four independent banks, the device achieves 1.6 and 6.9 MB/s program throughputs for MLC and SLC modes, respectively. The(More)
BACKGROUND Acupuncture has been widely used for a range of neurological disorders. Despite its popularity, the evidence to support the use of acupuncture is contradictory. METHODS This review was designed to summarize and to evaluate the available evidence of acupuncture for neurological disorders. RESULTS Most of the reviewed studies suffer from lack(More)
BACKGROUND Acupuncture has been used for the enhancement of functional recovery from various disorders. In the present study, the effect of acupuncture on the apoptosis and new cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of gerbils (n = 25) following transient global ischemia was investigated. METHODS To determine the level of apoptosis and cell(More)
BACKGROUND Acupuncture has long been a central part of medicine in East Asia. Recently its therapeutic effects are world-widely recognized with scientific bases being established by means of basic research and clinical studies in the biomedical sciences. Even though Korean acupuncture (KA) shares its origins with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), it has(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the blinding effectiveness of a modified blunt sham press needle on the basis of the ability of subjects to discriminate between real and sham acupuncture needles compared with their discrimination ability based on pure guessing, and to define differences between senses (touch and vision) in the rates of correctly identified needles.(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional Korean medicine (TKM) therapy of scalp and penetration acupuncture has been used for the treatment of stroke in Korea. This study investigated the efficacy of scalp and penetration acupuncture in combination with TKM medication. METHODS Twenty-four stroke patients were enrolled in the program. Control group (n = 12) received herbal(More)
The governing equations which are considered in two-dimensional cylindrical fluid simulations argon discharge with parallel resonance antenna are the continuity equation, the momentum equation with drift-diffusion approximation, the energy balance equation for electrons, the wave equation for azimuthal induced electric field, and Poisson equation for(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to investigate the involvement of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in electroacupuncture (EA)-induced analgesia. METHODS Two and 100 Hz EA stimulation were applied at acupoint ST 36 (Zusanli) in iNOS knockout mice (n = 28). Needles were inserted 5 mm in depth in ST36. After insertion, the needles were fixed in situ(More)
Inductively coupled plasma source operating at low pressure to improve uniform and high plasma density is widely employed for microelectronic device fabrication. As the size of the inductively coupled source increases, it has the problems related to the electrical characteristic and non-uniformity. To improve the non-uniformity, the roles of the parallel(More)
BACKGROUND The free radical is involved in neuronal cell death in human neurodegenerative disease. Dammishimgyu (DMSG)-herbal acupuncture has been used to treat neurological disorders in Korea. The present study was aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of DMSG-herbal acupuncture against H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastoma cell line,(More)