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A white-rot basidiomycete Ganoderma lucidum has long been used as a medicinal mushroom in Asia, and it has an array of enzymes important for wood degrading activity. There have been many reports about the ingredients which show health aiding effects. In order to analyze gene functions and introduce foreign genes into this fungus, genetic transformation is(More)
AIMS To examine the association between relative muscle mass (RMM) and nine risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes (CVD/DM) in U.S. youth. METHODS We used a sample representative of the U.S. population of youth, aged 8-20 years (NHANES 1999-2004). We compared the prevalence of adverse levels of nine CVD/DM risk factors between youths in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe factors associated with pressure ulcers in individuals with spina bifida (SB) enrolled in the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry (NSBPR). DESIGN Unbalanced longitudinal multicenter cohort study. SETTING Nineteen SB clinics. PARTICIPANTS Individuals with SB (N=3153) enrolled in 19 clinic sites that participate in the NSBPR. (More)
This population-based study examines the association between corticosteroid treatment and time to loss of ambulation, stratifying by treatment duration (short: 0.25-3 years, long: >3 years), among 477 Duchenne muscular dystrophy cases identified by the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance Tracking and Research Network (MDSTARnet). Those cases who received(More)
INTRODUCTION Genitourinary (GU) health among patients with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DBMD) has not been explored using population-based data. METHODS Medical records of 918 males ascertained by the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research Network were reviewed for documentation of GU-related hospitalizations and prescribed(More)
The long-term efficacy of corticosteroid treatment and timing of treatment initiation among Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients is not well-understood. We used data from a longitudinal, population-based DMD surveillance program to examine associations between timing of treatment initiation (early childhood [before or at age 5 years], late childhood(More)
INTRODUCTION In developing countries, HIV-infected children are at higher risk for morbidity and mortality from opportunistic infections than HIV-uninfected children. To address this problem, the Healthy Living Initiative (HLI) in Mombasa, Kenya distributed basic care packages (BCPs) containing improved water storage vessels, water treatment solution, soap,(More)
OBJECTIVE In young adults, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with dental caries, which in turn is a major contributor to tooth loss. The independent role of SSB intake on tooth loss, however, has not been well-described. This cross-sectional study examined associations between tooth loss and SSB intake among U.S. young adults. METHODS(More)
AbstractReducing barriers associated with maternal health service use, household water treatment, and improved hygiene is important for maternal and neonatal health outcomes. We surveyed a sample of 201 pregnant women who participated in a clinic-based intervention in Kenya to increase maternal health service use and improve household hygiene and nutrition(More)
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