Sunita Lohiya

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During 3.5 years, 182 fractures occurred among 994 residents of a developmental center. The fracture rate was 5.2 per 100 person-years (1.7 times greater than the rate in the US population). Fracture rate was significantly greater in residents with: epilepsy, older age, male gender, white race, independent ambulation, osteoporosis, and residence in(More)
School children form an important large target group which must be screened adequately for early detection of eye diseases and prevention of blindness. A total approach in a school eye health programme must include teacher orientation and health education of children in addition to screening for eye diseases. The ocular morbidity pattern in 5135 school(More)
The prevalence of xerophthalmia was studied in 5135 school children of Jodhpur ranging between 6 and 16 years of age. The total prevalence of xerophthalmia was found to be 9.89%. Night blindness (XN) and milder conjunctival form (XIA, XIB) of the disease were predominantly prevalent in the studied population. Corneal disease (X2, X3A, X3B) was found in 8(More)
We reviewed records of all persons dying between 1979 and 1986 in eight California institutions for the mentally retarded. Autopsies had been done in 71% of the 1,181 deaths. Nine deaths were due to hepatocellular carcinoma, which invariably developed in carriers of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and was fatal within four months of diagnosis. The mean(More)
A 39-year-old man with generalized tonic clonic epilepsy and profound mental retardation sustained 18 fractures (15 in appendicular and 3 in axial bones) during 19 years. Both femoral necks were fractured, requiring surgical repair. Although he had been on antiepileptic drugs for 35 years, he had no radiographic or biochemical sign of osteomalacia. He had a(More)
In 1,149 clients of an institution for the mentally retarded, the prevalences of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B virus markers were 12 per cent and 66 per cent, respectively. HBsAg prevalence was higher in males, Down syndrome, ambulatory, and older clients, and those with longer institutionalization. Serum alanine aminotransferase(More)