Sunita K S Singh

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Escherichia coli ClpA and ClpX are ATP-dependent protein unfoldases that each interact with the protease, ClpP, to promote specific protein degradation. We have used limited proteolysis and deletion analysis to probe the conformations of ClpA and ClpX and their interactions with ClpP and substrates. ATP gamma S binding stabilized ClpA and ClpX such that(More)
The ClpAP protease from Escherichia coli consists of the ATP-binding regulatory component, ClpA (subunit Mr 84 165), and the proteolytic component, ClpP (subunit Mr 21 563). Our hydrodynamic studies demonstrate that the predominant forms of these proteins in solution correspond to those observed by electron microscopy. ClpP and proClpP(SA), which in(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a major aetiological agent of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). In recent years, several outbreaks in East Asia were associated with neurological complications and numerous deaths. An outbreak in Singapore in October 2000 afflicted thousands of children, resulting in four fatal cases from three of whom EV71 was isolated. The(More)
ClpP, the proteolytic component of the ATP-dependent ClpAP protease, is composed of 12 identical subunits and has intrinsic degradative activity against short peptides. Degradation of proteins and some peptides by ClpP requires the regulatory component ClpA and ATP. Peptide and protein substrates have been used to distinguish the roles of nucleotide binding(More)
Binding and internalization of a protein substrate by E. coli ClpXP was investigated by electron microscopy. In sideviews of ATP gamma S-stabilized ClpXP complexes, a narrow axial channel was visible in ClpX, surrounded by protrusions on its distal surface. When substrate lambda O protein was added, extra density attached to this surface. Upon addition of(More)
The Escherichia coli ClpA and ClpP proteins form a complex, ClpAP, that catalyzes ATP-dependent degradation of proteins. Formation of stable ClpA hexamers and stable ClpAP complexes requires binding of ATP or nonhydrolyzable ATP analogues to ClpA. To understand the order of events during substrate binding, unfolding, and degradation by ClpAP, it is(More)
Special AT-rich binding protein 1 (SATB1) acts as a global regulator of gene expression by recruiting various corepressor or coactivator complexes, thereby establishing a unique chromatin structure at its genomic targets in a context-dependent manner. Although SATB1 acts predominantly as a repressor via recruitment of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1)(More)
Urinary tract malformations, obstructive uropathy, and hypoplasia/dysplasia are extremely important in terms of pediatric health care costs, with end-stage renal failure in children estimated to cost >$15 billion annually in the United States alone. Even so, little is known regarding the mechanisms that control these processes. Identified was a unique(More)
Congenital obstructive nephropathy (CON) is the most common cause of chronic renal failure in children often leading to end-stage renal disease. The megabladder (mgb) mouse exhibits signs of urinary tract obstruction in utero resulting in the development of hydroureteronephrosis and progressive renal failure after birth. This study examined the development(More)