Sunita Bhattacharya

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Bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BMSCs) protect against acute lung injury (ALI). To determine the role of BMSC mitochondria in this protection, we airway-instilled mice first with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and then with either mouse BMSCs (mBMSCs) or human BMSCs (hBMSCs). Live optical studies revealed that the mBMSCs formed connexin 43 (Cx43)-containing(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which potentially transdifferentiate into multiple cell types, are increasingly reported to be beneficial in models of organ system injury. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying interactions between MSCs and host cells, in particular endothelial cells (ECs), remain unclear. We show here in a matrigel angiogenesis assay(More)
Complement-mediated pulmonary edema results from increases in lung capillary hydraulic conductivity (Lp), possibly by receptor-mediated mechanisms. We considered the Lp effects of vitronectin and the vitronectin-containing complement complex SC5b-9, which ligate the integrin alpha v beta 3. Vitronectin, SC5b-9, and SC5b-9-enriched zymosan-activated serum(More)
Binding of substrate-bound extracellular matrix proteins to cell surface integrins results in a variety of cellular responses including adhesion, cytoskeletal reorganization, and gene expression. We have previously shown that addition of soluble SC5b-9, the complement-vitronectin complex, resulted in an RGD-dependent increase in lung venular hydraulic(More)
Mitochondrial transfer from donor cells to cells of injured tissues is a promising cell-based therapy for effectively bringing about recovery of tissue bioenergetics. Here, we review recent studies on intercellular mitochondrial transfer in organs and cells. We also review studies that shed light on our current understanding of the known mechanisms and(More)
Shedding of the extracellular domain of cytokine receptors allows the diffusion of soluble receptors into the extracellular space; these then bind and neutralize their cytokine ligands, thus dampening inflammatory responses. The molecular mechanisms that control this process, and the extent to which shedding regulates cytokine-induced microvascular(More)
We have developed a micropuncture technique for the measurement of microvascular pressure in the intact lung of rabbit. We anesthetized 16 rabbits (halothane, 0.8%) and mechanically ventilated them through a tracheotomy. Then, we exposed the right lung by rib resection over the right anterior chest. We measured pulmonary artery, left atrial, and systemic(More)
A lung-protective ventilator strategy significantly reduces mortality in patients with acute lung injury. Substantial progress has been made in understanding how mechanical stress can injure the lung, both in terms of alterations in barrier properties of the pulmonary endothelium and epithelium as well as in stimulating proinflammatory responses of(More)
The endothelial alpha(v)beta(3) integrin occurs luminally, where its ligation by soluble agents may induce inflammatory signaling. We tested this hypothesis in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cell monolayers with the use of vitronectin and cross-linking antibodies to ligate and aggregate the integrin. We quantified the endothelial cytosolic Ca(2+)(More)
Alveolar overdistension during mechanical ventilation causes leukocyte sequestration, leading to lung injury. However, underlying endothelial cell (EC) mechanisms are undefined. In a new approach, we exposed isolated blood-perfused rat lungs to high tidal volume ventilation (HV) for 2 h, then obtained fresh lung endothelial cells (FLEC) by immunosorting at(More)