Sunit Kumar Singh

Learn More
miRNAs are reported to sequence-specifically control the translation of target mRNAs by binding to 3 UTRs. The abundant expression of miRNAs in the brain highlights their biological significance in neurodevelopment. Many studies have shown that miRNAs are involved in a variety of functions, including developmental transitions and neuronal patterning,(More)
INTRODUCTION HIV-Tat protein displays an array of functions that are essential for HIV replication. The structural flexibility of Tat protein has been regarded as one of the unique features responsible for sustaining diverse functions, from facilitated membrane-crossing ability to strong affinity for RNA binding. AREAS COVERED RNA binding ability and(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs that can regulate target mRNAs by binding to their 3'-UTRs. A single miRNA can regulate many mRNA targets, and several miRNAs can regulate a single mRNA. These have been reported to be involved in a variety of functions, including developmental transitions, neuronal patterning, apoptosis, adipogenesis metabolism(More)
Lyme disease is a tick-transmitted disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. The bacterium adopts different strategies for its survival inside the immunocompetent host from the time of infection until dissemination in different parts of body tissues. The success of this spirochete depends on its ability to colonise the host tissues and(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is an arbovirus belonging to the family Flaviviridae. It is maintained in a zoonotic cycle involving pigs, ardeid birds and Culex species of mosquitoes. Humans are accidental/dead end hosts of JEV infection because they cannot sustain high viral titers. Factors affecting the clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of JEV(More)
The family of ticks are important vectors of pathogens which can cause a variety of diseases in different species, including humans. In recent years the incidence of diseases transmitted by ticks has risen. This seems to be partly due to the expansion of the tick vector into urban areas. Pathogens transmitted by ticks include viruses, bacteria and(More)
HIV-1 infection leads to the development of HIV-associated neurological disorders. The HIV-1 Tat protein has been reported to exert an adverse effect on blood-brain barrier integrity and permeability. Perturbation in permeability is mainly caused by disruptions in adherens junctions and tight junction proteins. We have identified HIV-1 Tat C-induced(More)
Flaviviruses are emerging arthropod-borne viruses representing an immense global health problem. The prominent viruses of this group include dengue virus, yellow fever virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus tick borne encephalitis virus and Zika Virus. These are endemic in many parts of the world. They are responsible for the illness ranging(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is the causative agent of Japanese encephalitis which is more prevalent in South and Southeast Asia. JEV is a neurotropic virus which infiltrates into the brain through vascular endothelial cells. JEV infects neurons and microglial cells which causes neuronal damage and inflammation. However, JEV also evades the cellular(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 infection is the major cause of AIDS. RNA interference (RNAi) has great potential to work as a powerful tool against HIV infection. Therefore, the possibilities of use of siRNA (small-interfering RNA) as a tool to deal with HIV infection are discussed in this article. OBJECTIVE Highly active anti retroviral therapy (HAART) has been(More)