Sunil Prasad

Learn More
BACKGROUND For the last decade, the Cox maze III procedure has been available for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. It is unknown whether the operation has similar efficacy in patients with lone atrial fibrillation compared with that in patients with atrial fibrillation associated with coronary, valve, or congenital heart disease. This study examined(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that laparoscopic tasks performed with ZEUS robotic assistance would be done with greater precision and with a different learning curve than when performed in a standard laparoscopic trainer. METHODS Participants were divided into the surgically experienced (n = 11) and the surgically naive (n = 17). Two laparoscopic tasks (bead(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare vascular neoplasm of endothelial origin with clinical behavior intermediate between hemangioma and angiosarcoma. The natural history of EHE is highly variable. This study uses an Internet registry to identify clinical patterns with prognostic significance in EHE. METHODS Cases from the(More)
BACKGROUND The Cox-Maze III remains the gold standard for the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation. However, the "cut-and-sew" technique is time consuming and technically challenging. The pulmonary veins are the source of ectopy in the majority of patients with atrial fibrillation. The safety and efficacy of bipolar radiofrequency to electrically(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between right atrial (RA) reservoir and conduit function and to determine how hemodynamic changes influence this relationship and its impact on cardiac output. In 11 open-chest sheep, RA reservoir and conduit function were quantified as RA inflow with the tricuspid valve closed versus open,(More)
BACKGROUND The radial artery (RA) can be used as either an aortocoronary (RA-Ao) or composite graft (T graft). Optimum use for the RA has yet to be established. We compared RA patency with these two techniques. METHODS Between October 1993 and June 2001, 1505 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting using the RA as either a composite (n = 1022)(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of target vessel characteristics on radial artery patency when used as a composite T graft. METHODS Between October 1993 and March 2001, 1022 patients underwent coronary bypass with the internal thoracic artery-radial artery composite T graft. Of these, angiography has been performed on 109(More)
OBJECTIVE The Cox maze III procedure has excellent long-term efficacy in curing atrial fibrillation. It has not been widely practiced because it is technically challenging and requires prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass. The aim of this study was to examine a simplified Cox maze III procedure that uses bipolar radiofrequency energy as an ablative source. (More)
BACKGROUND Alternative energy sources have been proposed for the transvenous and surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation. This study examined the physiologic consequences of a novel energy source, bipolar radiofrequency energy, in a chronic animal model in order to determine its ability to produce transmural lesions on the beating heart. METHODS Five(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared Cox-Maze IV (CMIV) outcomes for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with lone AF vs those with AF and mitral valve (MV) disease. METHODS Since 2002, 200 patients have undergone a CMIV procedure for lone AF (n=101) or concomitantly with MV operations (n=99). Preoperative, perioperative, and late outcomes(More)