Sunil Kumar Agarwal

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BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that B lymphocytes are involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis, and they may be a therapeutic target. Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody, selectively targets and depletes CD20+ B lymphocytes. METHODS In a phase 2, double-blind, 48-week trial involving 104 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the efficacy and safety of different rituximab doses plus methotrexate (MTX), with or without glucocorticoids, in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) resistant to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), including biologic agents. METHODS A total of 465 patients were randomized into 9 treatment groups: 3 rituximab(More)
BACKGROUND Roughly a third of patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with biological treatments receive them as monotherapy. Tocilizumab--an inhibitor of interleukin 6 receptor signalling--has been studied as monotherapy in several clinical trials. We assessed the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab monotherapy compared with adalimumab monotherapy for(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (also called chronic spontaneous urticaria) do not have a response to therapy with H-antihistamines, even at high doses. In phase 2 trials, omalizumab, an anti-IgE monoclonal antibody [corrected] that targets IgE and affects mast-cell and basophil function, has shown efficacy in such patients. (More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of 1 versus 2 courses of rituximab over 48 weeks in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Adult patients taking methotrexate with a previous inadequate response to > or = 1 tumor necrosis factor inhibitor received 1 course of open-label rituximab (2 x 1000 mg IV) at baseline. From Week 24, patients(More)
We conducted meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies for atrial fibrillation (AF) in participants from five community-based cohorts. Meta-analyses of 896 prevalent (15,768 referents) and 2,517 incident (21,337 referents) AF cases identified a new locus for AF (ZFHX3, rs2106261, risk ratio RR = 1.19; P = 2.3 x 10(-7)). We replicated this association(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine immunization responses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with rituximab and to investigate the effects of rituximab-induced CD20+ B cell depletion on immune responses to tetanus toxoid (T cell-dependent antigen), pneumococcal polysaccharide (T cell-independent antigen), and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) (neoantigen)(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease is associated with the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Chronic kidney disease may also increase the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), but existing studies have reported inconsistent results. METHODS AND RESULTS We estimated cystatin C-based glomerular filtration rate (eGFR(cys)) and measured urinary(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity (PA) has previously been suggested to attenuate the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) conferred by excess body weight and weight gain. We prospectively examined the relationship between body size, weight change, and level of PA in a biracial cohort of middle-aged men and women. METHODS AND RESULTS Baseline characteristics on(More)
BACKGROUND Application of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) as a marker of myocyte damage requires knowledge of its measurement variability. Using a highly sensitive assay for measurement, we evaluated the long-term storage stability of plasma cTnT at -70 °C and the sources of cTnT variability. METHODS Samples from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study(More)