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The tear film, lacrimal glands, corneal and conjunctival epithelia and Meibomian glands work together as a lacrimal functional unit (LFU) to preserve the integrity and function of the ocular surface. The integrity of this unit is necessary for the health and normal function of the eye and visual system. Nervous connections and systemic hormones are well(More)
Dry eye disease is a multifactorial disorder of the tears and ocular surface characterized by symptoms of dryness and irritation. Although the pathogenesis of dry eye disease is not fully understood, it is recognized that inflammation has a prominent role in the development and propagation of this debilitating condition. Factors that adversely affect tear(More)
PURPOSE In addition to Langerhans cells (LCs), other dendritic cells (CD11c(+)) have recently been shown to express Langerin (c-type lectin). In skin, (non-LC) Langerin+ dendritic cells initiate adaptive immunity. However, whether such dendritic cells (DC) reside in the cornea, an immune-privileged tissue, is unknown. METHODS Normal C57BL/6 corneas were(More)
We have investigated constitutive and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) + phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced gene expression of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-gamma, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12 and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 10 patients(More)
Foxp3 expressing CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been shown to prevent allograft rejection in clinical and animal models of transplantation. However, the role of Foxp3 in regulating Treg function, and the kinetics and mechanism of action of Tregs in inducing allograft tolerance in transplantation, are still not fully understood. Thus, we(More)
PURPOSE Resolvins and lipoxins are lipid mediators generated from essential polyunsaturated fatty acids that are the first dual anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving signals identified in the resolution phase of inflammation. Here the authors investigated the potential of aspirin-triggered lipoxin (LX) A4 analog (ATLa), resolving (Rv) D1, and RvE1, in(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased numbers of circulating gamma/delta T cells with a restricted T cell receptor repertoire, as well as colocalization of the expression of heat-shock protein Hsp60/65 and gamma/delta T cells in the arterial lesions of patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA), indicate that gamma/delta T cells may react to Hsp60 and cause damage to the arterial(More)
We studied T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire of circulating gamma delta (gammadelta) T-cells in 20 patients with Takayasu's arteritis (TA), 20 healthy controls (HC), 7 follow up TA patients, and 10 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 5 Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) patients as disease controls. Patients with TA (8.1 +/- 5.1%) compared to HC (3.7 +/-(More)
Dry eye disease (DED), an inflammatory autoimmune disorder affecting the ocular surface, degrades visual performance and the quality of life of >10 million people in the United States alone. The primary limitation in the effective treatment of DED is an incomplete understanding of its specific cellular and molecular pathogenic elements. Using a validated(More)
OBJECTIVE Anti-endothelial cell antibodies are considered to have an important role in the pathogenesis of Takayasu arteritis (TA). Previously, these antibodies were detected using human umbilical vein endothelial cells, which do not completely represent the antigenicity/functions of aortic endothelial cells, the specific targets in TA. To delineate the(More)