Learn More
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as regulators of diverse biological processes. Here, we describe the initial functional analysis of a poorly characterized human lncRNA (LINC00657) that is induced after DNA damage, which we termed "noncoding RNA activated by DNA damage", or NORAD. NORAD is highly conserved and abundant, with expression levels of(More)
We formulate a U(1) gauge theory of the Hubbard model in the slave-rotor representation. From this formalism it is argued that spin liquid phases may exist near the Mott transition in the Hubbard model on triangular and honeycomb lattices at half filling. The organic compound kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu2(CN)3 is a good candidate for the spin liquid state on a(More)
Recent experiments on the organic compound kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu2(CN)3 raise the possibility that the system may be described as a quantum spin liquid. Here we propose a pairing state caused by the "Amperean" attractive interaction between spinons on a Fermi surface mediated by the U(1) gauge field. We show that this state can explain many of the observed low(More)
Nitrogen fixation is a great challenge in solving the food supply of mankind. However N2 activation is extremely hard. Up until recently, the investigated catalysts for N2 fixation were based on metallic reducing agents. They are generally not environment friendly. We designed organocatalysts (carbenes) for nitrogen fixation using density functional theory(More)
Precise regulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression is critical for diverse physiologic and pathophysiologic processes. Nevertheless, elucidation of the mechanisms through which miRNA expression is regulated has been greatly hindered by the incomplete annotation of primary miRNA (pri-miRNA) transcripts. While a subset of miRNAs are hosted in protein-coding(More)
Aprotic solvents are usually preferred for the SN2 reactions, because nucleophilicity and hence SN2 reactivity are severely retarded by the influence of the partial positive charge of protic solvents. In this work, we introduce a remarkable effect of using tertiary alcohols as a reaction medium for nucleophilic fluorination with alkali metal fluorides. In(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using bulk tank milk samples was evaluated as a screening test for bovine tuberculosis (TB), a contagious chronic disease of cattle. An ELISA with MPB70, a major antigen of Mycobacterium bovis was performed using paired sets of milk and sera samples from 33 tuberculin-positive and 43 tuberculin-negative cattle.(More)
We present calculations for the Arg-H2O system and predict that the zwitterionic Arg is thermodynamically more stable than the canonical form in the gas phase under the influence of a single water molecule because of the strongly basic guanidine side chain. Canonical conformers of Arg-H2O are found to isomerize to the zwitterionic forms via a small barrier(More)
We present calculations for the mechanism and the barrier heights of tautomerization of adenine. We find various pathways for the 9(H) <--> 7(H) and 9(H) <--> 3(H) tautomerization. One mechanism for the 9(H) --> 7(H) tautomerization involves an sp(3)- or carbene-type intermediate, whereas the other proceeds via imine intermediates. Tautomerization from the(More)