For general law invariant coherent measures of risk, we derive an equivalent representation of a risk-averse newsvendor problem as a mean–risk model. We prove that the higher the weight of the risk functional, the smaller the order quantity. Our theoretical results are confirmed by sample-based optimization.
We consider a multi-product risk-averse newsvendor under the law-invariant coherent measures of risk. We first establish several fundamental properties of the model regarding the convexity of the problem, the symmetry of the solution and the impact of risk aversion. Specifically, we show that for identical products with independent demands, increased risk… (More)
We consider a multi-product newsvendor using an exponential utility function. We first establish a few basic properties for the newsvendor regarding the convexity of the model and monotonicity of the impact of risk aversion on the solution. When the product demands are independent and the ratio of the degree of risk aversion to the number of products is… (More)
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cervical traction treatment, cranial rhythmic impulse treatment, a manual therapy, and McKenzie exercise, a dynamic strengthening exercise, on patients who have the neck muscle stiffness of the infrequent episodic tension-type (IETTH) headache and frequent episodic tension-type… (More)
OBJECTIVES This study was intended to analyze the characteristics of infrequent and frequent outpatients visiting Korean medical facilities, and find the related variables of frequent users. METHODS The data source was the Report on the Usage and Consumption of Korean Medicine (2011) published by the Ministry of Health and Welfare and Korea Institute for… (More)