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In many plants, cysteine proteinases play essential roles in a variety of developmental and physiological processes. In rice (Oryza sativa), REP-1 is a primary cysteine proteinase responsible for the digestion of seed storage proteins to provide nutrients to support the growth of young seedlings. In the present study, the gene encoding REP-1 was isolated,(More)
We have successfully transferred and expressed a reporter gene driven by an alpha-amylase promoter in a japonica type of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Tainung 62) using the Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer system. Immature rice embryos (10-12 days after anthesis) were infected with an Agrobacterium strain carrying a plasmid containing chimeric genes of(More)
Expression of alpha-amylase genes in cultured rice suspension cells is induced by sucrose starvation. To study the mechanism of sugar metabolite regulation on the expression of individual alpha-amylase genes, DNA fragments specific to each of eight rice alpha-amylase genes were synthesized and used as gene-specific probes. Comparison of the relative(More)
The 5' regulatory region and putative signal sequence of a rice alpha-amylase gene, alpha Amy8, was fused to a bacterial gene encoding beta-glucuronidase (GUS) and introduced into rice, tobacco, and potato via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation systems. Expression of this chimeric gene in suspension cells of transgenic plants was suppressed by the(More)
In plants, sugar feedback regulation provides a mechanism for control of carbohydrate allocation and utilization among tissues and organs. The sugar repression of alpha-amylase gene expression in rice provides an ideal model for studying the mechanism of sugar feedback regulation. We have shown previously that sugar repression of alpha-amylase gene(More)
A decrease in transcript stability is one of the important mechanisms that control the sugar repression of alpha-amylase gene expression in rice suspension cells. In this study, we investigated the function of the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of a rice alpha-amylase gene, alpha Amy3, in relation to sugar-dependent accumulation of mRNA. By examining the(More)
Elucidating how rice (Oryza sativa) takes up nitrate at the molecular level could help improve the low recovery rate (<50%) of nitrogen fertilizer in rice paddies. As a first step toward that goal, we have cloned a nitrate transporter gene from rice called OsNRT1. OsNRT1 is a new member of a growing transporter family called PTR, which consists not only of(More)
We studied the effect of PPM-18, a chemically synthesized naphthoquinone derivative and also an anti-inflammatory agent, on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression in rat alveolar macrophages. Pretreatment of macrophages with PPM-18 (0.1-10 microM) significantly inhibited nitrite production, iNOS protein expression and(More)