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—Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is a new networking paradigm that grants a controller and its applications an omnipotent power to have holistic network visibility and flexible network programmability, thus enabling new innovations in network protocols and applications. One of the core advantages of SDN is its logically centralized control plane to(More)
We have developed an integrated microfluidic material processing chip and demonstrated the rapid production of collagen microspheres encapsulating cells with high uniformity and cell viability. The chip integrated three material processing steps. Monodisperse microdroplets were generated at a microfluidic T junction between aqueous and mineral oil flows.(More)
IP-based wireless sensor networks (IP-WSN) are popularly recognized as a global sensor networks infrastructure by combining IPv6 technology with wireless sensor networks (WSN). However, IP-WSN, currently, does not provide security because it is commonly recognized that it is a big burden for IP-WSN to adapt Internet's dominant security protocol. We suggest(More)
The understanding of protein interaction dynamics is important for signal transduction research but current available techniques prove difficult in addressing this issue. Thus, using the microfluidic approach, we developed a digital protein analytical platform and methodology named MAPS (Microfluidic system Analyzing Protein in Single complex) that can(More)
A 3D printable and highly stretchable tough hydrogel is developed by combining poly(ethylene glycol) and sodium alginate, which synergize to form a hydrogel tougher than natural cartilage. Encapsulated cells maintain high viability over a 7 d culture period and are highly deformed together with the hydrogel. By adding biocompatible nanoclay, the tough(More)
—Mobility management is one of the most important research issues in 6LoWPAN, which is a standardizing IP-based Wireless Sensor Networks(IP-WSN) protocol. Since the IP-WSN application domain is expanded to real-time applications such as healthcare and surveillance systems, a fast and seamless handover becomes an important criterion for mobility support in(More)
Network management against security, reliability, and performance attacks is an integral part of building dependable, high-performance network services. In traditional networks, the management practices take mainly remote approaches to cope with the ossified network infrastructure. However, since disaster events that occur within the network should be(More)
Given the potential clinical impact of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in blood as a clinical biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of various cancers, a myriad of detection methods for CTCs have been recently introduced. Among those, a series of microfluidic devices are particularly promising as they uniquely offer micro-scale analytical systems that(More)
We developed a microfluidic flow-control system capable of dynamically generating various flow patterns on demand. The flow-control system is based on novel magnetoactive sponges embedded in microfluidic flow channels. Applying a non-uniform magnetic field compresses the magnetoactive sponge, significantly reducing porosity and hydraulic conductivity.(More)