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As flash memory technologies quickly improve, NAND flash memory-based storage devices are becoming a viable alternative as a secondary storage solution for general-purpose computing systems such as personal computers and enterprise server systems. Most existing flash translation layer (FTL) schemes are, however, ill-suited for such systems because they were(More)
For robust spoken conversational interaction, many dialog state tracking algorithms have been developed. Few studies, however, have reported the strengths and weaknesses of each method. The Dialog State Tracking Challenge (DSTC) is designed to address this issue by comparing various methods on the same domain. In this paper, we present a set of techniques(More)
This paper proposes an unsupervised approach to user simulation in order to automatically furnish updates and assessments of a deployed spoken dialog system. The proposed method adopts a dynamic Bayesian network to infer the unobservable true user action from which the parameters of other components are naturally derived. To verify the quality of the(More)
Incremental Dialog Processing (IDP) enables Spoken Dialog Systems to gradually process minimal units of user speech in order to give the user an early system response. In this paper, we present an application of IDP that shows its effectiveness in a task-oriented dialog system. We have implemented an IDP strategy and deployed it for one month on a real-user(More)
The multi-level cell (MLC) NAND flash memory technology enables multiple bits of information to be stored on a single cell, thus making it possible to increase the density of the memory without increasing the die size. For most MLC flash memories, each cell can be programmed as a single-level cell or a multi-level cell during runtime. Therefore, it has a(More)
Recently Network Mobility(NEMO) is being concerned as new mobility issue. Lots of NEMO issues are already being touched in IETF NEMO WG but the solution is still premature especially to the Route Optimization (RO). NEMO has several problem spaces that need RO such as nested tunnels problem. Unfortunately, there is no solution that can be universally applied(More)
— A hybrid hard disk employs the advantages of both a hard disk and a NAND flash memory, thus making it a cost-effective fast secondary storage device. In this paper, we improve its I/O performance by combining an intelligent data pinning policy for the flash memory with a caching technique which is aware of access patterns for the flash memory and DRAM.(More)