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N(ε) -lysine acetylation, a reversible and highly regulated PTM, has been shown to occur in the model Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica. Here, we extend this acetylproteome analysis to Bacillus subtilis, a model Gram-positive bacterium. Through anti-acetyllysine antibody-based immunoseparation of acetylpeptides followed by(More)
Calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine A and FK506 have been used for transplant therapy and treatment of autoimmune diseases. However, the inhibition of calcineurin outside the immune system has a number of side effects, including hyperglycemia. In the search for safer drugs, we developed a cell-permeable inhibitor of NFAT (nuclear factor of activated(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in anoxic preconditioning to protect the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injuries. The present work was performed to study better the NO-cGMP-protein kinase G (PKG) signaling pathway in the activation of both sarcolemmal and mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels during anoxic preconditioning (APC) and(More)
Caspase-3 (CASP3) plays a key role in apoptosis. In this study, HAX-1 was identified as a new substrate of CASP3 during apoptosis. HAX-1 was cleaved by CASP3 during etoposide-(ETO) induced apoptosis, and this event was inhibited by a CASP3-specific inhibitor. The cleavage site of HAX-1, at Asp(127), was located using N-terminal amino acid sequencing of in(More)
Caspase-3 is an important executor caspase that plays an essential role in apoptosis. Recently, HS1-associated protein X1 (HAX-1) was found to be a substrate of caspase-3. Although HAX-1 has serve multifunctional roles in cellular functions such as cell survival and calcium homeostasis, the detailed functional mechanism of HAX-1 remains still unclear. In(More)
Caspases play critical roles in the execution of apoptosis. Caspase-3 and caspase-7 are closely related in sequence as well as in substrate specificity. The two caspases have overlapping substrate specificities with special preference for the DEVD motif. However, they are targeted to different subcellular locations during apoptosis, implying the existence(More)
Recent analysis of prokaryotic N(ε)-lysine-acetylated proteins highlights the posttranslational regulation of a broad spectrum of cellular proteins. However, the exact role of acetylation remains unclear due to a lack of acetylated proteome data in prokaryotes. Here, we present the N(ε)-lysine-acetylated proteome of gram-positive thermophilic Geobacillus(More)
Apoptotic signals are typically accompanied by activation of aspartate-specific cysteine proteases called caspases, and caspase-3 and -7 play crucial roles in the execution of apoptosis. Previously, using the proteomic approach, protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) was found to be a candidate substrate of caspase-7. This abundant 55 kDa protein introduces(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies evaluating the association of vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and methionine with breast cancer risk have produced inconsistent results. METHODS Pertinent studies were identified by a search in PubMed and Web of Knowledge. Random-effect model was used. Dose-response relationship was assessed by restricted cubic spline. RESULTS(More)
Dioxins are a class of polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons that induces a wide spectrum of toxic responses in animals. Health effects have been studied intensively, but the detailed molecular mechanisms are quite complex and not yet fully understood. In this study, the effects of model dioxin, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on protein(More)