Learn More
10 11 The major problem with high spatial resolution satellite images from Landsat 7 is that 12 imagery is not available very often (i.e. every 16 days or longer) and the coverage area is 13 relatively small (swath width 185km), while images of lower spatial resolution from MODIS are 14 available daily and one image covers a relatively large area (swath(More)
The complex dielectric constant of the soil surrounding a landmine and its contrast with the dielectric constant of the landmine are critical to the effectiveness of ground penetrating radar (GPR) for landmine detection. These parameters affect the velocity and attenuation of the radar signal as well as the strength of the reflection from the mine. The(More)
Soil surface temperatures not only exhibit daily and annual cycles but also are very variable in space and time. Without knowledge of the spatial and temporal variability of soil surface temperatures, it will be difficult to determine what times of day are most suitable for mine detection using Thermal Infra Red (TIR) technology. In this study we monitor(More)
Thermal sensors hold much promise for the detection of non-metallic landmines. However, the prediction of their thermal signatures depends on a large number of factors. In this paper, an analytical solution for temperature propagation through homogeneous and layered soils is presented to predict surface temperatures as a function of soil heat flux(More)
Bacterial community dynamics was examined in an actual biological activated carbon (BAC) process for four consecutive seasons, using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and pyrosequencing. The BAC stably removed organic carbons for the period, although the water temperature substantially varied over the study period. Neither the population density nor(More)
Land mines are a major problem in many areas of the world. In spite of the fact that many different types of land mines sensors have been developed, the detection of non-metallic land mines remains very difficult. Most landmine detection sensors are affected by soil properties such as water content, temperature, electrical conductivity and dielectric(More)
The contrast in relative dielectric constant between landmines and the surrounding soil is one of the most important elements for radar detection purposes. For most geologic materials the relative dielectric constant lies within the range of 3-30, with dry sand at the lower end of this range at about 3-5. Nonmetallic landmines have a dielectric constant(More)
Remotely sensed images of the Earth's surface provide information about the spatial distribution of evapotranspiration. Since the spatial resolution of evapotranspiration predictions depends on the sensor type; scaling transfer between images of different scales needs to be investigated. The objectives of this study are first to validate the consistency of(More)
Recent studies suggest that vitamin D deficiency and cardiometabolic disorders are becoming increasingly more prevalent across multiple populations. However, there is a lack of comprehensive data for Korean adults. We investigated the vitamin D status, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its association with metabolic syndrome (MS) risk in Korean(More)
Soil salinity is a common problem in arid riparian areas of the arid Southwest, but the dynamics of soil salinity in these areas are not well understood. The main causes of soil salinity in non-flooded riparian areas are generally known as low precipitation, high evapotranspiration, and capillary flux from saline shallow ground water. However, some riparian(More)