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Polygalacturonases hydrolyze the alpha-(1-4) glycosidic bonds of de-esterified pectate in the smooth region of the plant cell wall. Crystal structures of polygalacturonase from Aspergillus aculeatus were determined at pH 4.5 and 8.5 both to 2.0 A resolution. A. aculeatus polygalacturonase is a glycoprotein with one N and ten O-glycosylation sites and folds(More)
PURPOSE To assess diagnosis of the nutcracker (renal vein entrapment) syndrome with Doppler ultrasonography (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS Doppler US findings in 16 patients with the nutcracker syndrome and in 18 healthy control subjects were compared. The anteroposterior (AP) diameter and peak velocity (PV) were measured at the hilar portion of the left(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Psychological factors and subtle histopathological changes have been implicated in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aims of the present study were to investigate whether the numbers of enterochromaffin (EC) cells, mast cells, and lamina propria T lymphocytes are altered in IBS, and evaluate the relationship of such alterations with(More)
Agmatine is a primary amine formed by the decarboxylation of L-arginine synthesized in mammalian brain. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of agmatine on ischemic and ischemia-like insults. Primary cortical neuronal cultures were subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), a model of ischemia-like injury, and treated with agmatine(More)
The mobilization and extracellular release of nuclear high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) by ischemic cells activates inflammatory pathways following liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In immune cells such as macrophages, post-translational modification by acetylation appears to be critical for active HMGB1 release. Hyperacetylation shifts its(More)
cDNAs encoding large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel alpha-subunit (rSlo) were obtained from rat brain. From the DNA sequence of multiple rslo clones, we identified a specific sequence variation of 81 nucleotides, which is either absent from or present at the N-terminal region of a putative Ca2+-sensing domain of the channel. Transcripts containing(More)
BACKGROUND The reasons for the viral persistence of hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) are unknown, but are probably related to host immune factors. Cytokines play a significant role in immune defense. The present study was undertaken to investigate the association between HBV infection and polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Endoscopic resection for pathologic diagnosis and complete eradication of subepithelial tumors (SETs) has offered less invasive alternatives to surgical resection. The aim of this study is to evaluate feasibility of endoscopic resection for the treatment of gastric SETs originated from the muscularis propria layer and to determine related(More)
Ginseng, the root of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, has been reported to exert preventive effects on gastropathy via anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory actions. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of ginseng against ethanol-induced gastric damages in rat. To examine the preventive effect of ginseng, rats received two different ginseng(More)
BACKGROUND Although antisecretory medications such as histamine type II receptor antagonists or proton pump inhibitors have been used to treat reflux oesophagitis, a considerable number of patients do not achieve complete mucosal healing or suffer from either sustained symptoms or ensuing complications, suggesting other damaging factors or impaired mucosal(More)