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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is one of the possible serious complications associated with bone allografts. In order to prevent infection, grafted bone is sterilized by various treatments. Heat treatment has attracted attention as a simple and practical method. We carried out a histological study of the influence of heat treatment on(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the potential toxicity and establish the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) and target organ(s) of negatively charged colloidal silica particles of different sizes, ie, SiO2 (EN20(-)) (20 nm) or SiO2 (EN100(-)) 2(100 nm), administered by gavage in Sprague-Dawley rats. After verification of the physicochemical(More)
A possible critical complication associated with banking bone is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Recently, since the report of HIV infection in bone allografts from an HIV-seronegative donor, a more reliable method of sterilization for preserved bone graft has become necessary. Heat treatment of banking bone is one of the simple sterilization(More)
PURPOSE The widespread use of nanoparticles (NPs) in industrial and biomedical applications has prompted growing concern regarding their potential toxicity and impact on human health. This study therefore investigated the subchronic, systemic oral toxicity and no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) of 20 nm, negatively charged zinc oxide (ZnO(SM20(-)))(More)
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