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To investigate the potential involvement of genome architecture in nonrecurrent chromosome rearrangements, we analyzed the breakpoints of eight translocations and 18 unusual-sized deletions involving human proximal 17p. Surprisingly, we found that many deletion breakpoints occurred in low-copy repeats (LCRs); 13 were associated with novel large LCR17p(More)
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome associated with behavioral abnormalities and sleep disturbance. Most patients have the same approximately 4 Mb interstitial genomic deletion within chromosome 17p11.2. To investigate the molecular bases of the SMS phenotype, we constructed BAC/PAC contigs covering the(More)
To examine whether there is a differential genetic susceptibility in the diphasic and peak-dose forms of levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The study cohort comprised 503 unrelated Korean PD patients who were treated with levodopa and had a disease duration of at least 5 years. The presence of LID was identified(More)
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is caused by an approximately 4-Mb heterozygous interstitial deletion on chromosome 17p11.2 in approximately 80%-90% of affected patients. Three large ( approximately 200 kb), complex, and highly homologous ( approximately 98%) low-copy repeats (LCRs) are located inside or flanking the SMS common deletion. These repeats, also(More)
An approximately 4-Mb genomic segment on chromosome 17p11.2, commonly deleted in patients with the Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) and duplicated in patients with dup(17)(p11.2p11.2) syndrome, is flanked by large, complex low-copy repeats (LCRs), termed proximal and distal SMS-REP. A third copy, the middle SMS-REP, is located between them. SMS-REPs are(More)
BACKGROUND A number of causative mutations such as alpha-synuclein, parkin, UCHL1, Pink-1, DJ-1 have been identified in Parkinson's disease (PD). They are usually found in the familial cases. One mutation of great interest is the G2019S mutation in the LRRK2 gene, which has been reported in both familial and sporadic PD. Its prevalence has been reported to(More)
Although a great deal of information has accumulated regarding the mechanisms underlying constitutional DNA rearrangements associated with inherited disorders, virtually nothing is known about the molecular processes involved in acquired neoplasia-associated chromosomal rearrangements. Isochromosome 17q, or "i(17q)," is one of the most common structural(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the role of a serotonin 2A receptor gene (=HTR2A) variant in the development of impulse control and repetitive behaviors in Parkinson's disease. METHODS We performed a genetic association analysis to a cohort of 404 Korean patients with Parkinson's disease who had been enrolled in a previous study. Presence of impulse control and(More)
Fetus-in-fetu is a very rare condition in which one fetus is contained within another. About 100 cases have been reported, and in most of these the fetus was located in the retroperitoneum. The authors describe an extremely rare case of an intracranial fetus-in-fetu in an extraaxial location. This is the eighth intracranial fetus-in-fetu to be reported, the(More)
Duplication of alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) is a recognized cause of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the penetrance in families with SNCA duplication is as low as 30%, indicating that factors other than the SNCA gene dosage have an important role in neuronal death. In this study, using lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) derived from a parkinsonian kindred(More)