Sung Su Chung

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BACKGROUND Patients undergoing surgery in the beach chair position (BCP) are at a risk of cerebral ischemia. We evaluated the effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on hemodynamics and cerebral oxygenation during surgery in the BCP. METHODS Thirty patients undergoing shoulder surgery in BCP under propofol-remifentanil anesthesia were randomly allocated(More)
Spinal metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been known to be involved in the modulation of nociception. While the antinociceptive effects of the mGluR1/5 have been demonstrated, the role of mGluR2/3 for nociception is less clear. This study investigated the effects of an intrathecal mGluR2/3 agonist, APDC, and a mGluR2/3 antagonist, LY341495, for(More)
Zaprinast is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor that is active in various models of pain when administered locally. In addition, the antinociception of zaprinast is involved in the nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP pathway. However, the effect of zaprinast administered spinally has not been examined. Therefore, this study examined the effect of zaprinast on the(More)
BACKGROUND Endotracheal intubation usually causes transient hypertension and tachycardia. The cardiovascular and arousal responses to endotracheal and endobronchial intubation were determined during rapid-sequence induction of anesthesia in normotensive and hypertensive elderly patients. METHODS Patients requiring endotracheal intubation with (HT, n = 30)(More)
BACKGROUND An inhaled anesthetic concentration required to block autonomic hyperreflexia (AHR) is high enough to cause severe hypotension in patients with high spinal cord injury (SCI). We determined the effects of remifentanil on the sevoflurane requirement to block AHR in SCI. METHODS The study involved 96 patients with chronic, complete SCI scheduled(More)
Adenosine and excitatory amino acids have been known to be involved in modulating nociceptive transmission at the spinal level. The authors assessed the characteristics of the interaction of the adenosine-excitatory amino acid antagonist combinations in the spinal cord of rats on the formalin-induced nociception. Intrathecal NMDA antagonist ((5R,(More)
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