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We used genome-wide expression analysis to explore how gene expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is remodeled in response to various changes in extracellular environment, including changes in temperature, oxidation, nutrients, pH, and osmolarity. The results demonstrate that more than half of the genome is involved in various responses to environmental(More)
Two cyclin-dependent kinases have been identified in yeast and mammalian RNA polymerase II transcription initiation complexes. We find that the two yeast kinases are indistinguishable in their ability to phosphorylate the RNA polymerase II CTD, and yet in living cells one kinase is a positive regulator and the other a negative regulator. This paradox is(More)
Expression of protein-coding genes in eukaryotes involves the recruitment, by transcriptional activator proteins, of a transcription initiation apparatus consisting of greater than 50 polypeptides. Recent genetic and biochemical evidence in yeast suggests that a subset of these proteins, called SRB proteins, are likely targets for transcriptional(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)-activating kinases (CAKs) carry out essential activating phosphorylations of CDKs such as Cdc2 and Cdk2. The catalytic subunit of mammalian CAK, MO15/Cdk7, also functions as a subunit of the general transcription factor TFIIH. However, these functions are split in budding yeast, where Kin28p functions as the kinase subunit of(More)
Expression of genes encoding starch-degrading enzymes is regulated by glucose repression in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have identified a transcriptional repressor, Nrg1, in a genetic screen designed to reveal negative factors involved in the expression of STA1, which encodes a glucoamylase. The NRG1 gene encodes a 25-kDa C2H2 zinc finger protein(More)
Activation of protein-encoding genes involves recruitment of an RNA polymerase II holoenzyme to promoters. Since the Srb4 subunit of the holoenzyme is essential for expression of most class II genes and is a target of at least one transcriptional activator, we reasoned that suppressors of a temperature-sensitive mutation in Srb4 would identify other factors(More)
The yeast transcriptional repressor Tup1, tethered to DNA, represses to strikingly different degrees transcription elicited by members of two classes of activators. Repression in both cases is virtually eliminated by mutation of either member of the cyclin-kinase pair Srb10/11. In contrast, telomeric chromatin affects both classes of activators equally, and(More)
The small GTPase Ran is essential for nucleocytoplasmic transport of macromolecules. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Rna1p functions as a Ran-GTPase activating protein (RanGAP1). Strains carrying the rna1-1 mutation exhibit defects in nuclear transport and, as a consequence, accumulate precursor tRNAs. We have isolated two recessive suppressors of(More)