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Physical design automation for the new emerging mixed-signal System-on-Package (SOP) technology requires a new kind of floorplanner—it must place both active components such as digital IC, analog ICs, memory modules, MEMS, and opto-electronic modules, and embedded passive components such as capacitors, resistors, and inductors in a multi-layer packaging(More)
As the geometry shrinking faces severe limitations, 3D wafer stacking with through silicon via (TSV) has gained interest for future SOC integration. Since TSV fill material and silicon have different coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE), TSV causes silicon deformation due to different temperatures at chip manufacturing and operating. The widely used TSV(More)
Three-dimensional integrated circuit (3D IC) with through-silicon-via (TSV) is believed to offer new levels of efficiency, power, performance, and form-factor advantages over the conventional 2D IC. However, 3D IC involves disruptive manufacturing technologies compared to conventional 2D IC. TSVs cause significant thermomechanical stress that may seriously(More)
— Imbalanced distribution of workloads across a chip multiprocessor (CMP) constitutes wasteful use of resources. Most existing load distribution and balancing techniques employ very limited hardware support and rely predominantly on software for their operation. This paper introduces IsoNet, a hardware-based conflict-free dynamic load distribution and(More)
This paper presents the first multiobjective microarchitectural floorplanning algorithm for high-performance processors implemented in two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) ICs. The floorplanner takes a microarchitectural netlist and determines the dimension as well as the placement of the functional modules into single- or multiple-device(More)
Pre-bond testing of 3D stacked ICs involves testing individual dies before bonding. The overall yield of 3D ICs improves with prebond testability because designers can avoid stacking defective dies with good ones. However, pre-bond testability presents unique challenges to 3D clock tree design. First, each die needs a complete 2D clock tree for the pre-bond(More)
The nano-scale 3D interconnects available in monolithic 3D IC technology enable ultra-high density device integration at the individual transistor-level. In this paper we demonstrate the power benefits of transistor-level monolithic 3D designs. We first build a cell library that consists of 3D gates and model their timing/power characteristics. Next, we(More)
In a gate-level monolithic 3D IC (M3D), all the transistors in a single logic gate occupy the same tier, and gates in different tiers are connected using nano-scale monolithic inter-tier vias. This design style has the benefit of the superior power-performance quality offered by flat implementations (unlike block-level M3D), and zero total silicon area(More)
TSV-to-TSV coupling is a new parasitic element in 3D ICs and can become a significant source of signal integrity problem. Existing studies on its extraction, however, becomes highly inaccurate when handling more than two TSVs on full-chip scale. In this paper we investigate the multiple TSV-to-TSV coupling issue and propose an accurate model that can be(More)