Sung-Kun Kim

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Erv1 is a flavin-dependent sulfhydryl oxidase in the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) that functions in the import of cysteine-rich proteins. Redox titrations of recombinant Erv1 showed that it contains three distinct couples with midpoint potentials of -320, -215, and -150 mV. Like all redox-active enzymes, Erv1 requires one or more electron(More)
When expressed in Escherichia coli, cytosolic poplar glutaredoxin C1 (CGYC active site) exists as a dimeric iron-sulfur-containing holoprotein or as a monomeric apoprotein in solution. Analytical and spectroscopic studies of wild-type protein and site-directed variants and structural characterization of the holoprotein by using x-ray crystallography(More)
The protective antigen (PA) of Bacillus anthracis is a secreted protein that functions as a critical virulence factor. Protective antigen has been selected as a biomarker in detecting bacterial infection. The in vitro selection method, systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX), was used to find single-stranded DNAs that were tightly(More)
APS reductase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been shown to contain a [4Fe-4S] cluster. Thiol determinations and site-directed mutagenesis studies indicate that the single [4Fe-4S] cluster contains only three cysteine ligands, instead of the more typical arrangement in which clusters are bound to the protein by four cysteines. Resonance Raman studies in the(More)
Isoflavone reductase is an enzyme involved in isoflavonoid biosynthesis in plants. However, rice isoflavone reductase-like gene (OsIRL, accession no. AY071920) has not been unraveled so far. Here, we have characterized its behavior in response to oxidizing agents. Using Northern and Western blot analyses, the OsIRL gene and protein were shown to be(More)
The structure of nitrite reductase, a key enzyme in the process of nitrogen assimilation, has been determined using X-ray diffraction to a resolution limit of 2.8 A. The protein has a globular fold consisting of 3 alpha/beta domains with the siroheme-iron sulfur cofactor at the interface of the three domains. The Fe(4)S(4) cluster is coordinated by(More)
Alpha and beta tubulin genes were cloned from the Capsicum annuum leaves using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE)-PCR. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that 1,353 bp Capsicum annuum alpha/beta-tubulin (CAnm alpha/beta-TUB) encodes a protein of 450 amino acids (aa) each. The recombinant alpha/beta tubulin was overexpressed mainly as an inclusion(More)
Nfu-type proteins are essential in the biogenesis of iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters in numerous organisms. A number of phenotypes including low levels of Fe-S cluster incorporation are associated with the deletion of the gene encoding a chloroplast-specific Nfu-type protein, Nfu2 from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtNfu2). Here, we report that recombinant AtNfu2 is(More)
Oxidation-reduction midpoint potential (E(m)) versus pH profiles were measured for wild-type thioredoxins from Escherichia coli and from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and for a number of site-directed mutants of these two thioredoxins. These profiles all exhibit slopes of approximately -59 mV per pH unit, characteristic of the uptake of two(More)
Mia40 and Erv1 execute a disulfide relay to import the small Tim proteins into the mitochondrial intermembrane space. Here, we have reconstituted the oxidative folding pathway in vitro with Tim13 as a substrate and determined the midpoint potentials of Mia40 and Tim13. Specifically, Mia40 served as a direct oxidant of Tim13, and Erv1 was required to(More)