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We present a single-tracer method for the study of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) using [1,2-13C2]glucose and mass isotopomer analysis. The metabolism of [1,2-13C2]glucose by the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, transketolase (TK), and transaldolase (TA) reactions results in unique pentose and lactate isotopomers with either one or two 13C(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the effect of obesity on the serum levels of total and free IGF-1 and their relationship to the circulating levels of insulin and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in age and sex-matched groups. SUBJECTS The study included 43 obese subjects (ideal body weight; IBW > 120%) and 45 controls (IBW < 100%). All of the subjects were male.(More)
The Shank family of proteins (also termed CortBP, ProSAP, or Synamon) is highly enriched in the postsynaptic density (PSD) of excitatory synapses in brain. Shank contains multiple domains for protein-protein interactions, including ankyrin repeats, SH3 domain, PDZ domain, SAM domain, and an extensive proline-rich region. We have identified a novel protein,(More)
Shank1, Shank2, and Shank3 constitute a family of proteins that may function as molecular scaffolds in the postsynaptic density (PSD). Shank directly interacts with GKAP and Homer, thus potentially bridging the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-PSD-95-GKAP complex and the mGluR-Homer complex in synapses (Naisbitt, S., Kim, E., Tu, J. C. , Xiao, B., Sala, S.,(More)
Although the hormone erythropoietin (Epo) and its receptor (EpoR) are known to play important roles in the regulation of erythropoiesis, several questions remain concerning the developmental role of Epo/EpoR signaling. As the functions of Epo have been defined primarily through studies of definitive erythroid cells, its importance for primitive, embryonic(More)
Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) catalyses the hydrolysis of ubiquitin ester and amide mainly in neuronal cells. Recently it was proposed as a marker with a potential role in carcinogenesis. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the biological function of UCH-L1 in tumor cells is poorly understood. We found that UCH-L1 is highly expressed in(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia cells contain a constitutively active Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase, the target protein of Gleevec (STI571) phenylaminopyrimidine class protein kinase inhibitor. Here we provide evidence for metabolic phenotypic changes in cultured K562 human myeloid blast cells after treatment with increasing doses of STI571 using [1,2-13C2]glucose as(More)
A significant proportion of breast cancers with HER2 amplification have simultaneous amplification of topoisomerase II-alpha (topoII). Amplification of HER2 and topoII was assayed using a novel chromogenic in situ hybridisation (CISH) method. HER2 and topoII amplification status and the response to preoperative doxorubicin chemotherapy were analysed in 67(More)
To evaluate whether common allelic variants in the gene encoding the vitamin D receptor (VDR) were useful in predicting differences in bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover rate in Koreans, we analyzed the restriction pattern of the polymerase chain reaction product of the VDR gene with the Bsm1 enzyme and serum osteocalcin in patients with(More)
In a 40-year-old man who had suffered from vague and generalized bone pains for 7 years due to oncogenic osteomalacia, the causative tumour was finally detected by Indium-111 octreotide scintigraphy. Some characteristics of the tumour associated with oncogenic osteomalacia, such as its size, growth rate, location and origin, often make the diagnosis(More)