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S elf-configuring wireless sensor networks can be invaluable in many civil and military applications for collecting, processing, and disseminating wide ranges of complex environmental data. Because of this, they have attracted considerable research attention in the last few years. The WINS [1] and SmartDust [2] projects, for instance, aim to integrate(More)
The advent of wireless micro sensors promises many yet unrealized benefits. A network of such sensors or “sensor network” introduces a new set of challenges. Besides being able to communicate effectively, sensor networks have demanding sensing tasks. First, they must be aware of their environment and oftentimes are required to adapt to their(More)
Self-configuring wireless sensor networks can be invaluable in many civil and military applications for collecting, processing, and disseminating wide ranges of complex environmental data. They have therefore, attracted considerable research attention in the last few years. The WINS [1] and SmartDust [2] projects for instance, aim to integrate sensing,(More)
Recent advances in low-power embedded processors, radios, and micro-mechanical systems (MEMs) have made possible the development of networks of wirelessly interconnected sensors. With their focus on applications requiring tight coupling with the physical world, as opposed to the personal communication focus of conventional wireless networks, these wireless(More)
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) and the dynorphinergic system are widely implicated in motivated behaviors. Prior studies have shown that activation of the dynorphin-kappa opioid receptor (KOR) system leads to aversive, dysphoria-like behavior. However, the endogenous sources of dynorphin in these circuits remain unknown. We investigated whether dynorphinergic(More)
In this paper, we look at different battery capacity models that have been introduced in the literatures. These models describe the battery capacity utilization based on how the battery is discharged by the circuits that consume power. In an attempt to validate these models, we characterize a commercially available lithium coin cell battery through careful(More)
Optogenetics has provided a revolutionary approach to dissecting biological phenomena. However, the generation and use of optically active GPCRs in these contexts is limited and it is unclear how well an opsin-chimera GPCR might mimic endogenous receptor activity. Here we show that a chimeric rhodopsin/b 2 adrenergic receptor (opto-b 2 AR) is similar in(More)
We describe the system design of " Smart Kindergarten " , a smart problem solving environment for early childhood education. Two crucial building blocks that make up Smart Kindergarten are iBadge, a lightweight power-aware sensor-instrumented badge, and Sylph, a sensor middleware infrastructure. Equipped with sensors, radio, and DSP, iBadge has been(More)