The contributions of superoxide and nitric oxide to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced neuropathic pain have previously been demonstrated in an animal model that mimics the symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I). Targeting peroxynitrite, which is the product of their interaction, may provide effective treatments for I/R-induced… (More)
Herpes zoster as a result of reactivated varicella-zoster virus is characterized by vesicular eruptions on skin and painful neuralgia in the dermatome distribution. Pain during an acute phase of herpes zoster has been associated with a higher risk of developing postherpetic neuralgia. The current therapies for herpes zoster including analgesics and… (More)
To the editor: Postoperative pain management is important not only in patient wellbeing, but in recovery. An appropriate strategy for pain management is required in the perioperative period. We read with interest the article on the necessity of intravenous patient controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) in patients undergoing mini mally invasive colorectal surgeries… (More)
BACKGROUND Double-lumen endotracheal tubes (DLTs) are often displaced during change from the supine to the lateral decubitus position. The aim of this study was to determine whether Rescuefix, a recently developed tube-holder device, is more effective than the traditional tape-tying method for tube security during lateral positioning. METHODS Patients… (More)
BACKGROUND According to several studies investigating the relationship between muscle activity and electroencephalogram results, reversal of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) may affect depth of anesthesia indices. Therefore, we investigated the effect of pyridostigmine on these indices via spectral entropy. METHODS Fifty-six patients scheduled for… (More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine is a sedative and analgesic agent that is administered intravenously as an adjunct to spinal anesthesia. It does not suppress the respiratory system significantly, but has adverse effects on the cardiovascular system, for example, bradycardia and hypotension. We here report a patient who underwent cardiac arrest during spinal… (More)
A 41-year-old male patient presented with idiopathic persistent hiccups. The hiccups did not respond to pharmacologic treatments including cisapride, omeprazole, and baclofen. Phrenic nerve block was also ineffective. However, the persistent hiccups were successfully treated with short-term positive pressure ventilation using a short-acting muscle relaxant.
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to define the optimal target concentration of remifentanil which effectively achieves conscious sedation without significant vital sign changes and side effects during spinal anesthesia. METHODS Sixty patients underwent spinal anesthesia with 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine (8-16 mg), and were infused with a target… (More)