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Herpes zoster as a result of reactivated varicella-zoster virus is characterized by vesicular eruptions on skin and painful neuralgia in the dermatome distribution. Pain during an acute phase of herpes zoster has been associated with a higher risk of developing postherpetic neuralgia. The current therapies for herpes zoster including analgesics and(More)
The contributions of superoxide and nitric oxide to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced neuropathic pain have previously been demonstrated in an animal model that mimics the symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I). Targeting peroxynitrite, which is the product of their interaction, may provide effective treatments for I/R-induced(More)
To the editor: Postoperative pain management is important not only in patient wellbeing, but in recovery. An appropriate strategy for pain management is required in the perioperative period. We read with interest the article on the necessity of intravenous patient controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) in patients undergoing mini mally invasive colorectal surgeries(More)
Introduction: In fetuses who are predicted to be at risk of catastrophic airway obstruction at delivery, the ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is useful for securing the fetal airway while maintaining fetal oxygenation via placental circulation. Factors, including poor posture of the fetus and physician, narrow visual field, and issues of(More)
BACKGROUND Double-lumen endotracheal tubes (DLTs) are often displaced during change from the supine to the lateral decubitus position. The aim of this study was to determine whether Rescuefix, a recently developed tube-holder device, is more effective than the traditional tape-tying method for tube security during lateral positioning. METHODS Patients(More)
BACKGROUND This randomized, controlled study was designed to compare the effects of recruitment maneuvers (RMs) with a 15 cmH2O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on the systemic oxygenation and lung compliance of patients with healthy lungs following robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). METHODS Sixty patients undergoing a RALP with an(More)
Temporary portocaval shunt (TPCS) prolongs the duration of the anhepatic phase, during which anesthetic sensitivity is highest among the 3 phases of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Cognitive dysfunction has been associated with increased anesthetic sensitivity and poor hepatic function. Therefore, we assessed anesthetic sensitivity to desflurane(More)
Hepatic regeneration is essential to meet the metabolic demands of partial liver grafts following living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Hepatic regeneration is promoted by portal hyperperfusion of partial grafts, which produces shear stress on the sinusoidal endothelium. Hepatic regeneration is difficult to assess within the first 2 weeks after LDLT as(More)
BACKGROUND According to several studies investigating the relationship between muscle activity and electroencephalogram results, reversal of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) may affect depth of anesthesia indices. Therefore, we investigated the effect of pyridostigmine on these indices via spectral entropy. METHODS Fifty-six patients scheduled for(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine is a sedative and analgesic agent that is administered intravenously as an adjunct to spinal anesthesia. It does not suppress the respiratory system significantly, but has adverse effects on the cardiovascular system, for example, bradycardia and hypotension. We here report a patient who underwent cardiac arrest during spinal(More)